Q:

What countries made up the Central Powers?

A:

The Central Powers in World War I consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire. They were so-called because the four countries lay between Russia in the east and the United Kingdom and France in the west. The Central Powers were also called the Quadruple Alliance, although Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire did not join until after the beginning of World War I.

When the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in July 1914 incited war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia, Russia threatened to defend Serbia against any invasion. Germany publicly declared its support for Austria-Hungary and stated it would enter the war to protect its ally if necessary. Germany formally declared war against Russia in August. The Ottomans joined the alliance in the same month, although the empire did not formally enter the war until November, when Germany demanded its support. Bulgaria was drawn into the Powers by its alliance with the Ottomans, and became part of the Quadruple Alliance in October of 1915.

The countries of the Central Powers signed treaties to end the war independent of one another. Bulgaria was the first to lay down arms in September of 1918, followed by the Ottoman Empire the following month. Austria and Hungary, having collapsed into two separate countries, capitulated in the first week of November, with Germany signing the armistice on Nov. 11, 1918.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What events signaled the final defeat of the Central Powers?

    A:

    In World War I, the Central Powers were doomed when the United States entered the war, bringing limitless funds and soldiers to the Allied Powers. Austria and Germany, racked inside with civilian unrest, could not hope to defeat America as well.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What countries were in the Central Powers?

    A:

    The countries that made up the Central Powers were the German Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Bulgaria. These countries were called the Central Powers because of their geographical location.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are ten facts about the Treaty of Versailles?

    A:

    After Europe was left shattered by World War I, peace was made concrete between Germany and the Allies with The Treaty of Versailles. A rather hefty document, the treaty featured approximately 440 articles over 15 sections and contained numerous annexes to satisfy the polarized opinions of those involved in its creation. Many wanted Germany completely destroyed, while others were more tempered and cautious about the effects of a violent response.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What was the Triple Alliance in WWI?

    A:

    The Triple Alliance in World War I consisted of Germany, Italy and Austria-Hungary, all of whom had committed to assist each other militarily in case of a war. The purpose of the agreement was "essentially defensive and conservative," but it did not take long for worldwide war to sweep over the continent after its creation. When World War I broke out, the Triple Alliance fought against the Triple Entente.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore