The Central Powers in World War I consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire. They were so-called because the four countries lay between Russia in the east and the United Kingdom and France in the west. The Central Powers were also called the Quadruple Alliance, although Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire did not join until after the beginning of World War I.Know More
When the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in July 1914 incited war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia, Russia threatened to defend Serbia against any invasion. Germany publicly declared its support for Austria-Hungary and stated it would enter the war to protect its ally if necessary. Germany formally declared war against Russia in August. The Ottomans joined the alliance in the same month, although the empire did not formally enter the war until November, when Germany demanded its support. Bulgaria was drawn into the Powers by its alliance with the Ottomans, and became part of the Quadruple Alliance in October of 1915.
The countries of the Central Powers signed treaties to end the war independent of one another. Bulgaria was the first to lay down arms in September of 1918, followed by the Ottoman Empire the following month. Austria and Hungary, having collapsed into two separate countries, capitulated in the first week of November, with Germany signing the armistice on Nov. 11, 1918.Learn more about World War 1
During World War I, Germany, Austria and the other countries in the Ottoman Empire formed the Central Powers and fought against the Allied Powers, which consisted of Russia, Japan, Great Britain, Italy and France. The war began following the unexpected assassination of Austria's Archduke Ferdinand.Full Answer >
The United States entered World War I on April 6, 1917, joining the Allied Powers of Great Britain, France, Italy and Russia in the fight against the Central Powers of Germany, the Austrian-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria. Over 2 million Americans fought in World War I.Full Answer >
World War I ended on Nov. 11, 1918, when major hostilities between the Allied and Central Powers ceased. The combatants then began to negotiate peace, and on June 28, 1919 signed the Treaty of Versailles, officially ending the war.Full Answer >
Following the end of World War I, the Allied Powers signed five different peace treaties with the various members of the Central Powers: the Treaty of Saint-Germain-in-Laye, the Treaty of Trianon, the Treaty of Sèvres, the Treaty of Lausanne and the Treaty of Versailles. These treaties stripped the defeated nations of large amounts of territory and resulted in the creation of a number of new, independent nations.Full Answer >