The modern countries of Portugal, Spain, Andorra, England, France, Monaco, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Italy, San Marino, Malta, Austria and the Czech Republic. In addition, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Albania, Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Syria, Iraq, Kuwait, Cyprus, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Sudan, Lybia, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco were all part of the Roman Empire.Know More
Not all were in the empire simultaneously. The Roman Empire as a whole spanned hundreds of years, and territorial boundaries shifted during that time. Not all countries that are listed were held by Rome during the entirety of the empire, but all were occupied for at least some amount of time. Over time Rome occupied nearly all of Europe, the Middle East and the northern coast of Africa.
The Czech Republic and Slovakia were only occupied by Rome for a relatively short amount of time and never formally declared part of the empire. Only a small part of the Red Sea coast of Saudi Arabia was held by Rome, and it is unclear how much of Sudan was taken. The extent and specifics of Rome's occupation of Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kuwait are also unclear, though they are believed to have been at least in part occupied with the annexation of Armenia.Learn More
The name of Ancient Roman currency depended on the coin's metal, collectively called aes; a bronze coin was an as, a silver coin was a denarius and a gold coin was an aureus. Ancient Romans also used copper alloy coins called dupondius and metal alloy coins called sestertius.Full Answer >
The Huns came in and started forcing barbarian tribes west which resulted in some tribes going into the Roman Empire and when the Romans did not provide food for the tribes that immigrated there, they turned to rampaging. Some barbarians had to go elsewhere after having to leave their homes.Full Answer >
The first invaders to sack Rome were a Germanic people called the Visigoths, who were lead by a 20-year-old chieftain named Alaric. The sacking of Rome occurred in the middle of the night in 410 A.D. when disgruntled slaves opened the Salarian Gate, which gave the Visigoths the element of surprise.Full Answer >
C.Â Julius Caesar Octavianus, also known asÂ Octavian, was able to gain power in Rome by virtue of being named in Julius Caesar's will as the late ruler'sÂ heir and posthumously adopted son (formerly grand-nephew). Although this created tensions between Octavian and Mark Antony, who had already taken leadership following Caesar's assassination, Octavian's natural prowess for politics and strategy, not to mention the Senate's distrust of Mark Antony, gave him an advantage.Full Answer >