Nelson Mandela was found guilty of committing sabotage against South Africa's apartheid government. He was sentenced to life in prison for the crime.
Before his imprisonment, Nelson Mandela was the leader of the African National Congress. It was an organization that was dedicated to protesting the South African policy of apartheid. He was faced with treason charges in 1956, but was then acquitted. By 1961, Mandela believed that non-violent measures were no longer effective and he formed the Umkhonto we Sizwe, a militant wing of the African National Congress. He was arrested on August 5, 1962 and given five years in prison for inciting a workers' strike in 1961.Learn More
The Bolshevik Revolution created several changes and reforms in Russia, but primarily led to a change in governance from a structure of authoritarian rule to one of a socialist system. The Bolshevik Revolution took place in 1917, and led to the installment of political and social change. Russia, whose political history prior to the Revolution was one of autocratic and single-party rule, transitioned to a socialist form of governance following the revolution.Full Answer >
Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a philosopher and composer who was famous for producing political philosophies that influenced the French revolution. Many of his political philosophers also influence modern sociological and educational practices.Full Answer >
The kings of ancient Ghana amassed wealth through the gold and salt trade, aided by the development of ironworking. The kings collected taxes on trade and prohibited others from owning gold nuggets, which limited the availability of gold and kept prices high.Full Answer >
The Napoleonic Wars were caused by the French Revolution, the bankruptcy of France as a nation under the monarchy, and the overthrow of the French aristocracy and royal family. Named for French general and dictator Napoleon Bonaparte, the Napoleonic Wars involved France's rise to power over much of western Europe from 1792 to 1815.Full Answer >