Q:

How was the Cuban Missile Crisis resolved?

A:

The Cuban missile crisis was resolved when the United States promised never to invade Cuba and to dismantle its Jupiter missiles in Italy and Turkey in exchange for the removal of the Soviet missiles in Cuba. The latter half of the agreement was secret at the time and was only revealed years after the crisis ended. The resolution occurred mere days before military action would have escalated the crisis.

Early in the crisis, President Kennedy's advisers pressed for air strikes to take out the missiles in Cuba. Kennedy was reluctant, however, due to the potential for escalating the conflict and inviting reprisals from Germany. After diplomatic efforts showed little success, the United States instituted a blockade, preventing any ships carrying weapons from reaching Cuban shores. Ultimately, both countries returned to the negotiations through back-channel communications, resolving the crisis peacefully.

The blockade in the Atlantic proved to be the most dangerous moment in the crisis. Upon discovering a Soviet submarine attempting to escort a ship through the line, the U.S. Navy launched warning-depth charges at the vessel in an attempt to get it to surface or turn back. The captain of the submarine, however, had a nuclear-tipped torpedo and permission to fire it if he was fired upon. When the depth charges began to explode, the officers had a heated argument whether or not to fire back. Ultimately, they could not agree to fire the torpedo, and their disagreement potentially averted a global nuclear war.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    Who was involved in the Cuban Missile Crisis?

    A:

    The Cuban Missile Crisis was a 13-day dispute between Cuba and the Soviet Union on one side and the United States on the other. The event is regarded as the closest these world powers came to nuclear attacks during the Cold War. During this period, Fidel Castro was the leader of Cuba, Nikita Kruschev led the Soviet Union, and John F. Kennedy was president of the United States.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What caused the Iran hostage crisis?

    A:

    The Iran hostage crisis occurred when Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, a domineering Iranian ruler who was recently expelled from his country, was granted access into the United States by President Jimmy Carter to receive cancer treatment. This caused an outrage in Iran, leading many Iranian citizens to feel greatly betrayed by the country that once supported them. Iran's Islamic citizens eventually stormed the U.S. embassy, holding 66 Americans hostage.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What countries were involved in the Suez crisis?

    A:

    The Suez Crisis was an armed conflict fought by Israel, England and France against the nation of Egypt between October 1956 and March 1957. The conflict was a result of Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser's announcement on July 26, 1956, that his country was taking over the Suez Canal Company, a British and French company that had owned the canal since it was built in 1869.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What countries did Napoleon conquer?

    A:

    During the Napoleonic Wars, France conquered Egypt, Belgium, Holland, much of Italy, Austria, much of Germany, Poland and Spain. France directly conquered or controlled through alliance most of western Europe by 1812.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore