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What was the culture of Mesopotamia?

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Some of civilization's first cities were founded by the Sumerian people in Mesopotamia, which is located in the valley between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. In Mesopotamia, women were wives and mothers and took care of household duties. Men were trained from an early age for specialized jobs such as masons, musicians, builders or politicians. Big events such as weddings were celebrated with parties and festivals.

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What was the culture of Mesopotamia?
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There were also certain rites performed by members of Mesopotamian society. Once children were of age, their parents secured an arranged marriage for them. During the marriage ceremony it is believed that the husband poured perfume over his bride's head. During a celebration, the type of food and drink available to guests was determined by the host's social status. Families usually had three or four children. There was a high infant mortality rate, leading to women wearing amulets during pregnancy to protect them from miscarriage. Rituals were performed after a child's birth so that it would not be taken by a demon or deity. One of the Mesopotamian burial customs was to place the deceased individual's body in a ceramic jar and seal the jar with clay. Other methods involved wrapping the body in a mat or rug before burial.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    How did Mesopotamia become a center of trade?

    A:

    Mesopotamia became a center of trade early in human history because its farmers mastered irrigation early, providing more crops than they needed to support the population. This allowed Mesopotamia to trade the surplus with neighbors. Its position between Europe and Asia also made it a prime trading hub.

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  • Q:

    When and where did numbers originate?

    A:

    The first practical number system was used by the ancient Sumerian city-states beginning sometime between 3500 B.C. and 2800 B.C. in the Mesopotamian region between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, which is now part of present-day Iraq. Their system was based on the number 60 rather than the number 10. This numerical system, which was also adopted by the Babylonian civilization that followed in Mesopotamia around 2000 B.C., was used for administrative and business documentation.

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  • Q:

    What is the cradle of civilization?

    A:

    Scholars traditionally regard Mesopotamia, an ancient area surrounding the Tigris and Euphrates rivers that is now parts of modern day Iraq, Syria, Turkey and Kuwait, as the cradle of civilization. The area is also know as the Fertile Crescent.

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  • Q:

    What is ancient Sumerian pottery?

    A:

    Ancient Sumerian pottery is clay crockery that was created by the inhabitants of Mesopotamia between 5000 and 2000 B.C. Among the most commonly produced products were plates, jugs and other kitchenware. The Sumerians are thought to have been the first culture to use a potter's wheel.

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