As of 2014, the Chinese prime minister, known as Premier, is Li Keqiang. Born in 1955 in Anhui province, he was 57 years old when he was elected in 2013. He is the son of a local official.Know More
Attending Peking University to study Law, Li became head of the university's student federation in 1978, holding the position until 1972. Li has a PhD in economics.
According to BBC News, he is married and has a daughter, but not much is known publicly about his personal life. The media site also claims that some believe Li to be a cautious and passive leader with a friendly approach as a politician.Learn more in Modern Asia
The People's Republic of China's stated goal in invading Tibet in 1950, sometimes referred to as a re-annexation, was to liberate the Tibetans from a repressive system of feudalism and to improve economic development and education within the region. The leader of the Chinese Communist Party, Mao Zedong, also stood to obtain political benefits from the international community, such as a recognition of legitimacy for the new government, by reclaiming the region without any visible interference from foreign powers or organizations. The re-annexation of the region carried a symbolic meaning for the Chinese Communist Party and helped to extend the spirit of confidence gained after their victory in the civil war fought against the Nationalists.Full Answer >
The Boxer Rebellion in China, which was ultimately suppressed by the Eight-Nation Alliance of foreign powers in 1901, severely weakened the Qing Dynasty and its defense capabilities, forced the Chinese to accept the garrisoning of foreign troops within their borders and helped fuel a growing nationalist fervor. Much of the international expeditionary force that invaded China to suppress the rebellion stayed on after the fighting ended and engaged in massive looting, confiscation of property and extreme punitive actions against suspected supporters of the uprising, including civilians. China was also required to pay reparations that would have amounted to more than $60 billion based on a 2010 purchasing power parity.Full Answer >
Mao Zedong won over the peasants by writing articles supporting peasant uprisings against their landlords and praising their vigilantism. Mao described the landlords as "local bullies" and "lawless landlords," and praised the peasants' local community struggle meetings as the sole organ of authority.Full Answer >
The Open Door policy of the United States with China began in 1899 under the guidance and oversight of then-Secretary of State John Hay. Hay initiated the Open Door Policy through a series of notes compiled between 1899 and 1900. These notes were essentially requests from the United States to foster good trade relations between the United States and China. They were also political acts of goodwill, as Hay and the United States government pledged to preserve and respect China’s administrative and governmental operations and to leave its territorial acquisitions undisturbed.Full Answer >