The debate between the American Patriots and Loyalists regarded whether the British should govern the 13 American colonies. Patriots believed that the colonies should form their own country, while Loyalists believed that the colonies should remain in British hands.
The Patriots' desire for freedom had a number of sources. The ideals of the Enlightenment, for example, which valued the individual and called-for governments based on rights and the consent of the governed, fueled the drive for revolution. Also, many merchants believed that they could thrive without British trade constraints. Loyalists also had complex motivations. Many wealthy Loyalists had established trade networks within the colonial system. Others, such as the Native Americans, believed that a free American government would trample on their rights. Still others favored an orderly transition to independence over the violent upheaval of revolution.Learn More
One prominent example of racial segregation in the United States was the Jim Crow laws, a series of policies in effect from 1876 to 1965. Jim Crow laws segregated people of color from whites in housing, jobs, schools, public transportation, public spaces, military service, prisons and more.Full Answer >
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was an American military officer who was appointed the first brigadier general in the Confederate States Army. Beauregard oversaw the bombardment of Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, in which the first shots of the American Civil War were fired. The fort's surrender catapulted Beauregard to public acclaim, and he became the first military hero of the Confederacy.Full Answer >
According to the Bill of Rights Institute, America's Great Compromise was responsible for creating a dual system of congressional representation. Each state has two senators while representation in the House of Representatives is based on state population.Full Answer >
Some famous Native American scientists are John Herrington, Mary Ross, Dr. Jani Ingram and Dr. David Burgess. The American Indian Science and Engineering Society, an organization of Native Americans in the science, technology, engineering and math fields, had 3,000 members as of December 2014.Full Answer >