The War Guilt Clause is another name for Article 231 of the Treaty of Versailles, the beginning of the reparations section that stated Germany was to assume all responsibility for the damage caused during World War II. The Treaty of Versailles marked the end of the war, with countries on both sides of the war, the Allied and Axis powers, signing where appropriate.
Article 231 is known as the War Guilt Clause because it places full blame on the Germans. Many German citizens have felt this explicit statement added unnecessary humiliation. It was included as a way to reduce the reparations Germany would have to pay towards Belgium and France for the extensive damage caused.Learn More
The Zimmermann Telegram was the proximate cause of American entry to World War I. The telegram was sent in 1917 as a secret communique between Arthur Zimmermann, the German Foreign Minister, and the German embassy in Mexico directing the ambassador to propose an alliance against the United States.Full Answer >
The immediate cause of World War I was the assassination, in Sarajevo, of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian throne. The assassination, which was carried out by a Serbian nationalist, led to an Austrian military response that triggered a declaration of war by Russia. Germany, Austria's ally, then declared war on Russia and found itself at war with Russia's allies, France and Britain.Full Answer >
Life for soldiers in World War I followed a specific routine that involved waking up at around 5 a.m., performing military drills when not engaged in direct combat, eating breakfast, having an early dinner, sleeping briefly, performing more military exercises and then doing physical labor before retiring for the evening. Soldiers in World War I spent most of the time in trenches on the front line. They rarely moved from the trenches except to move from one battle ground to the next, and shared close living and sleeping quarters with other men.Full Answer >
The Triple Entente was an alliance between Russia, the United Kingdom and France in the years leading up to World War I. It was made official after the U.K. and Russia signed the Anglo-Russian Entente on August 31, 1907 and lasted until Russia withdrew from World War I in 1917.Full Answer >