The abolition movement promoted the end of the slave trade and slavery. Early abolitionists called for a gradual end to slavery. Some of the founding fathers, such as Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin, promoted the end of slavery although they themselves kept slaves most of their lives.Know More
Emancipation in many northern states was gradual with those who were slaves remaining slaves and children of slaves considered to be born free. A great number of abolitionists opposed slavery on religious and moral grounds, and there were also those who argued it was unconstitutional. The abolitionist movement founded Liberia in West Africa, where thousands of slaves were relocated in the early 19th century. However, many slaves opposed this colonization and simply wished to get their rights as free people. As the abolitionist movement became more radical, with some advocating armed rebellion, the issue became a political lightning rod.
When Abraham Lincoln was elected, seven Southern states decided to secede. The American Civil War broke out in April 1861. When Lincoln called for troops to suppress the rebellion, four more slave states seceded. In 1863, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed slaves held in the Confederate states. The Thirteenth Amendment (ratified in December 1865) abolished slavery in the United States for good.Learn more about US History
The pan-Indian movement is any movement that brings together various Native American tribes and promotes unity between them. Often tribes join forces for political purposes, erasing any tribal lines or former rivalries between the groups. By teaming up, the various tribes work together to protect the interest of all Native Americans.Full Answer >
The 1896 Presidential election demonstrated a movement in American society away from the extreme concentration on agriculture and toward a society that embraced industrialism. William Jennings Bryan ran as a Democrat with a progressive platform, and his Republican opponent was Ohio Governor William McKinley. One of the biggest issues of the election proved to be the Free Silver Movement.Full Answer >
The "Back to Africa" movement was a movement founded by Marcus Garvey in the early 20th century which aimed to help all African-Americans move back to Africa. Garvey originally founded the movement in Jamaica, but eventually moved to New York to direct it. The movement espoused the idea that African-Americans could never have true civil rights and equality in the United States and therefore needed to move to Africa.Full Answer >
The goal of the March on Washington was to show support for an end to segregation, the passage of civil rights legislation, government support for impoverished workers and a $2-an-hour minimum wage, according to the Federal Highway Administration. Marchers also called for the government to fight discrimination more aggressively.Full Answer >