Abraham Lincoln made a name for himself as an outspoken state congressman and lawyer before gaining national attention over his debates with Stephen Douglas during the 1958 Illinois senatorial race. Lincoln's court-proven legal prowess made him one of the most prominent politicians in the state. His candid personality and philosophical framing of the issues helped propel him to the presidency.Know More
Lincoln began his public career in 1832, with a bid for the Illinois state legislature. He lost the election, but his affable nature made him popular in the locality, helping him win consecutively from 1834 to 1840. There, his antislavery position brought him to the inner circle of the state Whig party.
Around this time, Lincoln passed the bar exam and opened a private practice. He proved to be a skilled litigator. His extensive work in cases related to the new railroad system bolstered both his personal fortune - his $5,000 income exceeded the governor's salary - and his reputation.
Lincoln's local fame allowed him to finally win a seat in the House of Representatives in 1846. His opposition to the Mexican War won him the party's trust, even though it hurt his image with the general population. Throughout the 1850s, Lincoln unsuccessfully ran for political office. His campaign speeches during this decade, often filled with insightful philosophical rhetoric regarding the slavery issue, catapulted him to the center stage of the newly formed Republican Party.Learn more about US History
President Lincoln suspended the writ of habeas corpus to maintain public order in restive areas. Restive areas are areas in which people are restless, unruly and often disobedient. Habeas corpus refers to a person's right to appear before a judge before imprisonment.Full Answer >
Abraham Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865, and he died the next morning. It was Booth's second attempt to harm Lincoln. The first attempt, a kidnap plot that Booth tried a month earlier, failed because Lincoln did not appear where he was expected.Full Answer >
Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865. The killing blow was a gunshot to the back of the head while Lincoln watched the play "Our American Cousin."Full Answer >
Abraham Lincoln did receive various awards during his life. He received Doctor of Laws, an honorary degree, from Knox College, Columbia University and the College of New Jersey. He was also elected by the Phi Alpha Society in Illinois for an honorary membership.Full Answer >