Abraham Lincoln made a name for himself as an outspoken state congressman and lawyer before gaining national attention over his debates with Stephen Douglas during the 1958 Illinois senatorial race. Lincoln's court-proven legal prowess made him one of the most prominent politicians in the state. His candid personality and philosophical framing of the issues helped propel him to the presidency.Know More
Lincoln began his public career in 1832, with a bid for the Illinois state legislature. He lost the election, but his affable nature made him popular in the locality, helping him win consecutively from 1834 to 1840. There, his antislavery position brought him to the inner circle of the state Whig party.
Around this time, Lincoln passed the bar exam and opened a private practice. He proved to be a skilled litigator. His extensive work in cases related to the new railroad system bolstered both his personal fortune - his $5,000 income exceeded the governor's salary - and his reputation.
Lincoln's local fame allowed him to finally win a seat in the House of Representatives in 1846. His opposition to the Mexican War won him the party's trust, even though it hurt his image with the general population. Throughout the 1850s, Lincoln unsuccessfully ran for political office. His campaign speeches during this decade, often filled with insightful philosophical rhetoric regarding the slavery issue, catapulted him to the center stage of the newly formed Republican Party.Learn more about US History
John Wilkes Booth was the person who shot Abraham Lincoln. An actor, Booth had access to all parts of Ford's Theater, where he shot President Lincoln on April 14, 1865.Full Answer >
Abraham Lincoln was shot through his left ear while he watched the play "Our American Cousin" in the presidential box at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. The bullet stopped behind Lincoln's right eye, and he died in a boarding house across from the theater.Full Answer >
Abraham Lincoln's leadership during the Civil War ensured the survival of a unified United States that is stronger than two neighboring, independent nations would have been. Lincoln also changed how the public perceived the conflict, portraying it as a battle for human freedom and equality. His actions were instrumental in putting an end to slavery and putting the country on the course toward a new era of race relations.Full Answer >
Abraham Lincoln was born on Feb. 12, 1809, in Hardin County, Ky. His parents were Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks Lincoln. Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States.Full Answer >