Abraham Lincoln made a name for himself as an outspoken state congressman and lawyer before gaining national attention over his debates with Stephen Douglas during the 1958 Illinois senatorial race. Lincoln's court-proven legal prowess made him one of the most prominent politicians in the state. His candid personality and philosophical framing of the issues helped propel him to the presidency.Know More
Lincoln began his public career in 1832, with a bid for the Illinois state legislature. He lost the election, but his affable nature made him popular in the locality, helping him win consecutively from 1834 to 1840. There, his antislavery position brought him to the inner circle of the state Whig party.
Around this time, Lincoln passed the bar exam and opened a private practice. He proved to be a skilled litigator. His extensive work in cases related to the new railroad system bolstered both his personal fortune - his $5,000 income exceeded the governor's salary - and his reputation.
Lincoln's local fame allowed him to finally win a seat in the House of Representatives in 1846. His opposition to the Mexican War won him the party's trust, even though it hurt his image with the general population. Throughout the 1850s, Lincoln unsuccessfully ran for political office. His campaign speeches during this decade, often filled with insightful philosophical rhetoric regarding the slavery issue, catapulted him to the center stage of the newly formed Republican Party.Learn more about US History
Abraham Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865, and he died the next morning. It was Booth's second attempt to harm Lincoln. The first attempt, a kidnap plot that Booth tried a month earlier, failed because Lincoln did not appear where he was expected.Full Answer >
The hobbies Abraham enjoyed doing the most included taking walks and wrestling. He was known for being a strong and talented wrestler.Full Answer >
In 1860, Abraham Lincoln won the election for the newly popular Republican Party. In 1864, he ran under the "National Union Party" that brought him together with vice president Andrew Johnson, a former Democratic politician.Full Answer >
Abraham Lincoln's presidency was extremely influential for modern American society. His leadership during the Civil War unified the nation and changed the way the United States viewed itself. His views on slavery and support of the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments paved the way for the movement toward racial equality that occurred in the 20th Century.Full Answer >