To the German people, Adolf Hitler promised many things. Chief among them was the revocation of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles. Most Germans, whatever their political disposition, believed that the Treaty of Versailles had been ruthless in its punishment of Germany for its role in World War I and that the post-war Weimar government was weak, complicit or acquiescent to the terms of the treaty.
Beyond the fundamental promise of revoking the Treaty of Versailles, between the Great Depression's arrival in 1929 and his rise to the chancellery in 1933, Hitler made many promises to the German people and particular interest groups within the populace. To those anxious about an ascendant Soviet state under Josef Stalin, Hitler promised to oppose communism within Germany. This was especially appealing to a middle class hurting from the chaos of the depression-era Weimar Germany intent on maintaining law and order. Along with the revocation of Versailles, Hitler promised the upper class a strong central government, which would protect their economic interests. To the owners of industrial capacity, he promised opposition to unionization, while at the same time, Hitler promised jobs to the working class. Farmers and citizens of rural Germany were promised an increase in prices for agricultural products. To women, particularly those of a conservative bent, Hitler promised an emphasis on morality and family values.Learn More
World War II had several causes, mainly having to do with the treatment of Germany after World War I when the country was forced to accede to the Treaty of Versailles. Many German nationals and government officials felt that the treaty unfairly placed all financial burden on Germany for war reparations and asked the country to cede lands it had formerly owned.Full Answer >
Kristallnacht was a public riot that occurred in Germany, Austria and parts of Czechoslovakia, on Nov. 9th and 10th, 1938. The Nazis vandalized Jewish businesses and social centers, such as synagogues, schools, shops and homes, and sent up to 30,000 Jewish men to concentration camps.Full Answer >
The main countries in the Allied powers of World War I were France, the British Empire and the Russian Empire. The main Allied powers of World War II were France, Great Britain, the United States, China and the Soviet Union.Full Answer >
The biggest role Benito Mussolini played in World War II was allying with the Nazi leader Adolf Hitler in 1939. Mussolini believed that by allying with Nazi Germany, the British and French forces could be defeated.Full Answer >