Alexander the Great created the largest political empire in the ancient world. He is considered a great military leader and was an inspiration to future leaders such as Julius Caesar and Napoleon Bonaparte.Know More
Alexander III of Macedonia was born in 356 BCE to King Phillip II of Macedonia and his wife, Olympias, princess of Epirus. As part of his royal upbringing, he was tutored by the philosopher Aristotle. Many of Aristotle's teachings stayed with Alexander and guided him throughout his life.
Alexander showed early leadership qualities. When King Phillip invaded Thrace, he left Alexander in charge of Macedonia at the age of 16. During his father's absence, one of the Thracian tribes, the Maedi, rebelled. Alexander was able to mobilize an army and put down the rebellion.
In 336 BCE, Alexander's father was assassinated, putting Alexander on the throne at the age of 20. Shortly after this, Alexander left Macedonia with his armies to put down rebellions in the countries of Illyria, Thrace and Greece, all of which had previously been conquered by King Phillip.
Alexander then moved his armies into Asia Minor and began to conquer the peoples there. Among the countries conquered by Alexander were Syria, Phoenicia and Egypt. Persia, under the rule of Darius III, fought Alexander's armies repeatedly, only yielding after the death of Darius.
Alexander the Great never returned to Macedonia. He died of a fever in Babylon in 323 BCE. At the time of his death, Alexander was planning to invade Arabia. He left no heir, and soon after his death, Alexander's vast empire crumbled.Learn More
Alexander the Great came to power in 336 B.C. He was the son of Philip II, the King of Macedonia. After Philip II was assassinated, Alexander became King Alexander III.Full Answer >
Greek leader Alexander the Great ultimately conquered lands in the Persian Empire, which included territory in Egypt, India, Turkey and Iran. Alexander the Great succeeded his father, Philip II, as ruler of Greece in 336 B.C., and immediately set his sights on defeating the Persian Empire, a task contemplated but never carried out by Alexander's father. Just 2 years after ascending to the throne, Alexander prepared to lead troops into Persia.Full Answer >
Construction on The Great Wall of China was started in approximately 220 B.C. as a means to prevent barbarian nomads from invading the Chinese Empire. As it never effectively prevented invasions, the Great Wall came to serve more as a psychological wall between China and the outside world.Full Answer >
The formation of the Great Lakes, which are also known as the Laurentian Great Lakes, began around 2 billion years ago after the forming of North American mountain systems and their subsequent erosion caused depressions that would eventually be flooded by seawater. Around 2 million years ago, the advancement of glaciers up to 6,500 feet in thickness caused more depression and the eventual retreat left massive amounts of water behind around 15,000 years ago. This glacial water is what forms the region that is now known as the Great Lakes basin, although their current areas and levels were only realized around 3,500 to 4,000 years ago.Full Answer >