Alexander Mackenzie was a Scottish explorer who discovered an overland route across Canada to the Pacific Ocean. His crossing in 1792 was the first east-west crossing of the North American continent made by a European north of Mexico, predating the Lewis and Clark expedition by a decade.
Mackenzie and his group made the journey by first following the Peace River to its source in the Rocky Mountains. Then, following the advice of the native tribes, they followed the Bella Coola River to the ocean. The expedition reportedly travelled over 36 miles a day for just over two years without losing a single member.Learn More
The term peninsular was used to describe someone who was born on the Iberian Peninsula and lived in New Spain. In the Spanish caste system, peninsulares were favored over Spaniards born in America. These people were called criollos.Full Answer >
Charles Darwin was the scientist and naturalist who wrote "The Origin of Species." This book detailed his theory of evolution and laid out that most creatures on the planet Earth came from other earlier versions of those species.Full Answer >
Spanish explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa set sail for South America on a trans-oceanic voyage, establishing the first settlement in modern-day Panama and claiming the western coast of South America for Spain before meeting his death, via execution, in 1519. Balboa was born in 1475 to humble beginnings. He came from the city of Jerez de los Caballeros, born to a father with noble blood but far less affluent than his noble peers.Full Answer >
Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer famous for being the first European to cross the Pacific Ocean. His expedition also helped prove that the globe could be circumnavigated by ship.Full Answer >