Many factors contributed to the beginning of the Civil War, most notably the divisive issue of whether or not slavery would be allowed in the territories of the United States. At the time, the United States was rapidly expanding westward, and the newly-elected President Lincoln vowed that the newly-acquired land would not allow slavery.Know More
CivilRights.org notes that there were several issues central to the Civil War, in addition to slavery. Free and slave-states held different positions regarding State's rights and taxation. The North and South had different economic interests that led to conflict, the North focusing on industry and manufacturing and the South driven by agriculture.
Several southern states seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America, or the Confederacy, in reaction to Lincoln's anti-slavery decree. Although the succession was not formally recognized, the Union had to react. However, when the Confederate army captured Fort Sumter in 1861, and rose its own Confederate flag, the Civil War began.
South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Mississippi, Alabama,Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee all seceded over the course of the war. The Union captured Confederate President Jefferson Davis in Georgia on May 10, 1865, ending the war and beginning the long end of slavery, as an institution in the United States.Learn more in US History
Abraham Lincoln was president of the United States during the Civil War, but as The Library of Congress points out, some Southerners considered Jefferson Davis their president. The Civil War lasted from 1861 to 1865.Full Answer >
The Confederacy lost the Civil War for a variety of reasons, chief among them a lack of resources and manpower. The North had more soldiers, more manufacturing and agricultural capacity, and the ability to blockade Southern ports. The institution of slavery also made it difficult to generate political support overseas.Full Answer >
The advantages of the civil war were that slavery was abolished and the union was restored. The disadvantages were that more American soldiers died than in any other war, and the economy of the South was destroyed.Full Answer >
The border states, which had not seceded, but separated the United States from the Confederate States, were of great importance to the Northern war strategy. In order to win the war, the Union Army would need to pass through the border states to invade the South and, because of Confederate sympathies, there was Northern concern over marching through potentially hostile territory. The border states also contained the greater portion of the South's food and fuel and three-quarters of its industrial capability.Full Answer >