Q:

What did American migrant workers do in 1930?

A:

In 1930 and during the subsequent decade, 2.5 million migrant workers left the Plains states due to the destruction caused by the so-called Dust Bowl. Between 200,000 and 1.3 million of these migrant workers moved to California, where they became seasonal farm laborers.

Approximately 40 percent of the migrant workers who migrated to California ended up picking cotton and grapes in the state's central San Joaquin Valley, where they displaced hundreds of thousands of migrant workers from Mexico. Migrant workers in the San Joaquin Valley earned 75 cents to $1.25 per day, but often had to return much of their earnings to the corporate-owned farms on which they worked in order to rent a shack to sleep in and to buy food from the company store.

Many of the migrant workers had owned their own small farms in the Plains states and hoped to save enough money to start their own farms in California. However, as many as one-third of migrant workers in 1930 and the subsequent decade were white-collar workers and professionals who had lost their jobs due to the Great Depression and moved west to seek a better life.

Extreme drought conditions brought on the Dust Bowl of the 1930s, in which topsoil in Oklahoma, north Texas and neighboring states blew away in large quantities, destroying the formerly productive agriculture of the region.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What did the Keating Owen Child Labor Act do?

    A:

    The Keating Owen Child Labor Act of 1916 aimed to prevent the exploitation of children by banning the sale and shipment of goods produced by workers under age 16 in mines and under age 14 in factories, canneries and stores. The act also restricted children under 16 from working more than eight hours daily between 6 a.m. and 7 p.m. and limited them to a six-day workweek.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are Native American grinding stones?

    A:

    A Native American grinding stone was a tool used to grind various foods, such as corn or acorns, to prepare them for cooking. The stones were part of a two-piece tool set consisting of a mano and a metate.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Who won the Spanish-American War?

    A:

    The United States won the Spanish-American War. The U.S. victory ended the Spanish empire in the Western Hemisphere and enlarged the territory of the United States, giving it a territorial imperial foothold in the Caribbean and the Pacific Ocean.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Who sewed the first American flag?

    A:

    Sewing the first American flag is often credited to Betsy Ross, a Philadelphia seamstress whose husband's uncle was on the congressional committee tasked with designing a flag. However, this story is likely an oversimplification created decades later, and evidence is mixed about the designer and sewer of the first flag.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore