The Americans used the atomic bomb on Hiroshima because the Japanese refused to surrender when facing conventional warfare. Although the Japanese position was hopeless, they continued to fight, and casualties were rising.Know More
In the middle of 1945, Germany had capitulated, and the American forces were overwhelming Japanese opposition. The Americans demanded Japanese surrender in the Potsdam Declaration, but rather than accept the terms, the Japanese increased resistance. In order to quell the Japanese forces, the United States needed to demonstrate indomitable force.
Many generals advocated continuing traditional warfare, including heavy bombing of the Japanese mainland, coupled with a massive invasion. This operation was code named "Operation Downfall." However, while this approach may have proven successful, the generals estimated that up to a million U.S. soldiers could die in the action. President Truman balked at such a death toll, and opted instead to use an atomic bomb, which had recently been developed by the Manhattan Project.
The bomb was intended to warn Japan of the devastating force possible from the U.S. military forces so that they would have no choice but to surrender. Hiroshima was selected as it was a major manufacturing hub. When the bomb was dropped, 80,000 civilians were killed immediately, and a huge number were injured. However, the Japanese did not surrender immediately after the bombing; instead, the United States had to drop a second atomic bomb on Nagasaki to bring about Japanese capitulation.Learn more in US History
At the Yalta Conference in February 1945 near the end of World War II, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British prime minister Winston Churchill and Soviet premier Joseph Stalin met to discuss Germany's surrender, the continuing Asian war and post-war plans for occupied countries, according to the History Channel website. The conference took place at the Black Sea resort of Yalta in the Soviet Union.Full Answer >
Rosa Parks became a prominent face in the civil rights movement when she refused to surrender her bus seat to a white passenger on Dec.1, 1955, in Montgomery, Ala. She was arrested, and the local NAACP chapter organized a successful bus boycott to coincide with her trial.Full Answer >
In 1865, the Union declared victory over the Confederate States following their surrender at Appomattox Courthouse, Va. The American Civil War was fought between the Northern states of the Union and the Southern Confederate States of America.Full Answer >
Atomic bombs work by splitting atoms, while hydrogen bombs, also known as nuclear bombs, draw their energy from fusing atoms together. While both types of reactions involve the nucleus of the atom, and both can therefore rightly be called "nuclear," tradition has reserved the word for the types of reactions that are exclusive to fusion devices.Full Answer >