Ancient China traded with a number of countries, including Korea and Japan. China also traded with various African and European countries.Know More
The establishment of silk trade routes by the Han Dynasty expanded China's reach beyond its own borders as it became a more economically viable nation. Called the Silk Road, the path for trading goods extended across regional borders. It is important to note that at this point in history, China's provinces were not united and as such, trade between dynasties were similar to trade between China and other countries.
In the early part of the 3rd millennium B.C., the Greek empire had established itself in Central Asia, which helped create opportunities for Chinese trade with Greece by 200 B.C. By the time Rome had conquered Egypt in 30 B.C., China had established trade routes to Southeast Asia, India, the Middle East and Europe.
During the reign of the Song Dynasty, maritime trade extended China's reach to Korea and Japan. By the 16th century, China had a thriving trade with Great Britain. Trade with American colonies did not flourish until the 19th century, during which time the tea and opium industries grew. By the mid-1800s, America was exporting more textiles to China than in previous years as cotton production aided the development of local cloth.Learn more about Ancient History
Peasants in ancient China were mostly farmers and merchants. Farmers were respected for the food they supplied to the nation, but merchants were considered especially lowly and were prohibited from wearing silk or riding in carriages. Farmers paid taxes on their crops and spent a month every year working for the government in the military or on construction projects.Full Answer >
Women in ancient China lived oppressed lives, and their roles centered around caring for their husbands, cleaning, cooking and looking after their kids. The women of ancient China were expected to bear many children, and most of them felt pressure from their husbands to bear a son despite its being beyond their control.Full Answer >
The climate of ancient China varied from scorching and humid summers in some places to extreme cold and and freezing temperatures in the highlands. The terrain and diverse topographical features of the country contributed to the disparate weather conditions experienced by the Chinese people.Full Answer >
The type of government in ancient China was a monarchy that was often autocratic and despotic. It was ruled by emperors who were sovereigns of Imperial China and recognized by their subjects as the rulers of "All under heaven."Full Answer >