Ancient China traded with a number of countries, including Korea and Japan. China also traded with various African and European countries.Know More
The establishment of silk trade routes by the Han Dynasty expanded China's reach beyond its own borders as it became a more economically viable nation. Called the Silk Road, the path for trading goods extended across regional borders. It is important to note that at this point in history, China's provinces were not united and as such, trade between dynasties were similar to trade between China and other countries.
In the early part of the 3rd millennium B.C., the Greek empire had established itself in Central Asia, which helped create opportunities for Chinese trade with Greece by 200 B.C. By the time Rome had conquered Egypt in 30 B.C., China had established trade routes to Southeast Asia, India, the Middle East and Europe.
During the reign of the Song Dynasty, maritime trade extended China's reach to Korea and Japan. By the 16th century, China had a thriving trade with Great Britain. Trade with American colonies did not flourish until the 19th century, during which time the tea and opium industries grew. By the mid-1800s, America was exporting more textiles to China than in previous years as cotton production aided the development of local cloth.Learn more about Ancient History
The type of government in ancient China was a monarchy that was often autocratic and despotic. It was ruled by emperors who were sovereigns of Imperial China and recognized by their subjects as the rulers of "All under heaven."Full Answer >
Peasants in ancient China were mostly farmers and merchants. Farmers were respected for the food they supplied to the nation, but merchants were considered especially lowly and were prohibited from wearing silk or riding in carriages. Farmers paid taxes on their crops and spent a month every year working for the government in the military or on construction projects.Full Answer >
Feudalism in ancient China refers to the allocation of a certain area or region to a specific individual who becomes the established leader of that region. The term also refers to the shared power system between regional leaders.Full Answer >
The very oldest farming tools in China were made of stone or animal bones shaped into spades. From 770 to 476 B.C., a time period known as the Spring and Autumn Period, iron tools replaced conventional wooden or stone tools. Iron plows pulled by cattle plowed more deeply and efficiently, while advancements in water conservation allowed the Chinese to divert floods and irrigate farmland.Full Answer >