Andrew Carnegie was an American industrialist and businessman who lived from 1835 until 1919. His role in the steel industry helped steel become the predominant material used in the construction of the railroads that unified the United States from east to west. Carnegie eventually gave away a large portion of his fortune. The money was used to build libraries, put organs in churches and fund scientific research and education.Know More
Andrew Carnegie's role in the steel business had both positive and negative effects on American society. While Carnegie Steel did make possible the construction of railroads and other machines to make transportation of goods, services and people easier than ever, the conditions in his factories also led to some of the most notable strikes in history. In 1892, workers struck against wage decreases and unsafe work conditions, which included the use of simple wool long underwear as protective gear. Many deaths and serious injuries occurred as a result of unsafe factory conditions.
As a philanthropist, Carnegie contributed greatly to the fostering of education in the United States. He gave away the bulk of his wealth, over $350 million, to libraries and charitable organizations. The building of libraries made knowledge more accessible to the common man. Among his gifts were the land and materials needed to build Carnegie Hall, a New York City performance venue.Learn more about Industrial Revolution
The impact of the scientific revolution was that experiments became more controlled, while scientists were able to discover new ways of finding whether a particular belief was true. The communication involved in the era allowed scientists to collaborate with other professionals through all disciplines.Full Answer >
According to the National Museum of American History, electricity changed society by providing power for labor-saving devices both in the home and on the job. It also allowed for reliable lighting to reduce human dependence on the traditional sunrise-to-sunset activity schedule.Full Answer >
The Market Revolution, which took place in America from around the turn of the 19th Century to the mid-1800s, saw radical and sweeping changes take place within the United States economy and infrastructure, from slave trading and commercial agriculture to the development of cities and overhauls of transportation and communication systems. It was also a time of increased immigration, technological innovations and comprehensive changes to labor and corporate law.Full Answer >
Samuel Slater, an apprentice to cotton miller Jedidiah Strutt, defied a British law forbidding textile workers to travel to the United States in order to sell his knowledge to American mill owners, says the BBC. Desperate American industrialists were unable to compete with superior British technology, so they offered bribes to any British millers who would share their knowledge.Full Answer >