Q:

How did Andrew Jackson change the presidency?

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Quick Answer

Andrew Jackson changed the presidency by shifting the base of political power from its stronghold in the east to the western frontier of Tennessee. Also, unlike previous presidents, he did not defer to Congress in policy making, but used his party leadership and presidential veto to maintain absolute power.

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How did Andrew Jackson change the presidency?
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Full Answer

Andrew Jackson came to the presidency with the status of a war hero, having led his army to victory in the Battle of New Orleans in the closing moments of the War of 1812. In the presidential election of 1824, Jackson won the popular vote, but lost the presidency due to what he termed a corrupt bargain between Henry Clay and John Quincy Adams. In 1828, the newly formed Democratic Party nominated him again, and he won the election despite a campaign full of slurs and personal attacks on both sides. In 1832, Jackson was re-elected by a wide margin.

Jackson's two terms as president were marked by a number of major political battles. One was his opposition to a federal bank, then called the Bank of the United States, which he considered a monopoly. Another was the refusal of South Carolina to pay federal tariffs, which Jackson met by threatening to send federal troops into the state. His obduracy in meeting this challenge is credited with preserving and strengthening the Union. However, Jackson was a proponent of Indian removal, and signed a bill forcing Cherokees and other Native Americans to leave their ancestral lands in the East for far inferior lands in the West.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Why was Andrew Jackson so popular?

    A:

    Andrew Jackson was popular for many reasons, with the main one being that he was an admired general during the War of 1812. During the war, Jackson defeated the British at the Battle of New Orleans.

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  • Q:

    What are some of the bad things that Andrew Jackson did?

    A:

    The major negative thing Andrew Jackson is remembered for is the forced relocation of many Native Americans, particularly in the southeastern portion of the United States. He also triggered an economic depression by refusing to renew the charter of the Second Bank of the United States and then instituting inflation-control policies that triggered a panic, but that was primarily blamed on his successor, Martin Van Buren.

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  • Q:

    Was President Andrew Jackson a hero or a villain?

    A:

    Andrew Jackson was a popular president in many ways, especially among white male landowners, but he was also a fierce proponent of Native American removal and relocation, making him a villain to some. Like most people, Andrew Jackson's character is difficult to pin down as being either all hero or all villain.

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  • Q:

    Who did Andrew Jackson run against?

    A:

    Andrew Jackson ran against John Quincy Adams twice. The first time he was nominated for president was in 1824, and he lost to Adams. The second time he ran was in 1828, and he won by a landslide.

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