Anti-Federalists wanted to protect states' and individuals' rights. They opposed the adoption of the U.S. Constitution because they feared the strong central government created by the Constitution could become corrupt and tyrannical.
Anti-Federalists admitted that the Articles of Confederation needed to be changed, but they believed the Constitution, as it was written at the time, threatened to create political corruption and make the federal government too powerful. Their concerns and agitations helped force the addition of the Bill of Rights.
Perhaps the most powerful arguments raised by the anti-Federalists were those about the lack of protection of individual liberties present in the Constitution before the addition of the Bill of Rights. Most state constitutions of the time had followed the model set by Virginia and had explicitly detailed what individual rights could not be taken away by the government. Many people of the time thought this was a great improvement over the British constitution, which relied on unwritten protections. Anti-Federalists believed the delegates of the Philadelphia Convention had not included a bill of rights in the Constitution because they wanted to take away what ordinary people had gained in the Revolution.
A diverse group of people considered themselves anti-Federalist. Well-known proponents of the movement included Patrick Henry, George Mason, James Winthrop, Samuel Adams and Thomas Paine.Learn More
Colonial women wore items such as petticoats, waistcoats, stockings, stays, smocks and caps. Women's best dresses were black and were kept for special occasions. Clothing worn every day was generally red, blue, brown, gray, white or yellow.Full Answer >
The main line of the transcontinental railroad linking the east and west coast of the United States was completed in Promontory, Utah on May 10, 1869. The project began with the signing of the Pacific Railroad Act in 1862, and took more than 6 years to complete.Full Answer >
While the Iroquois used several modes of transportation, almost all of them were dependent on human power. Walking was their most common way of moving. They used canoes to travel along rivers and in the Great Lakes. When there was snow on the ground or the water froze, they used snow shoes and toboggans pulled by human power or a team of three dogs.Full Answer >
Most of the German immigrants who moved to America settled in the upper Midwest. However, there were also concentrations of German speaking people in New York City and Texas. Many moved to America following periods of economic decline at home, and were enticed by the idea of new opportunities.Full Answer >