Historians disagree on the origin of the state name "Arizona," but the traditional consensus is that the name is derived from the O'odham term, "Ali-Shonak" or "Aleh-zon," the native name of an area in Arizona, which sounds like the word for "small spring." Another theory is that the name is derived from a Basque word that means "the good oak tree."Know More
The area comprised of southern Arizona and northern Mexico, which was originally known by the Spanish as Pimeria Alta after the native inhabitants who the Spanish called Pima, had a small area that was called Arissona, Arisona or Arizona by the Spanish settlers. Historian Donald T. Garate notes that the place name Arizona was used by Basque settlers in an area below what later became the Mexican border, and places called Arizona have been referenced in Basque settlements well beyond the geographical reach of the O'odham natives, adding credibility to the Basque theory.
Before the arrival of the Spanish, Arizona was home to numerous native tribes, such as the Mogollan and the Hohokam. Spanish explorers scouted the area in the mid-1500s, and Spain founded fortified towns at Tubac and Tuscon in the 1700s. Arizona became part of the territory known as Alta California in 1821 when Mexico achieved independence from Spain.Learn more about US History
The State of Massachusetts is named after the Native American Indian tribe, the Massachusett, who lived in the area when the first English colonists arrived. The Massachusett Indians are part of the Algonquin family of Native American tribes. Their lands were located in the area which now forms the modern-day Greater Boston area.Full Answer >
The name Rhode Island originated when the explorer Giovanni de Verrazzano wrote a letter detailing his exploration of the state in 1524 and compared the area to the Island of Rhodes in Greece. The name was made official in 1644, according to the Rhode Island Historical Society.Full Answer >
The first major European settlement was built in Arizona in 1752 at Tubac by the Spanish; it was a military outpost on the Santa Cruz River, north of Nogales. This settlement was a response to unrest among the Pima, one of several Indian tribes.Full Answer >
Examples of American Indian tribes native to Arizona include the Hopi Tribe, Yavapia-Prescott Tribe, Cocopah Tribe and Havasupai Tribe. Other tribes include the San Juan Southern Paiutes, the Navajo Nation and the San Carlos Apache Tribe.Full Answer >