With the outbreak of war in 1914, the Australian government offered full support to the United Kingdom and its allies largely as a consequence of its common culture and political ties with Britain. Most Australians were of British extraction, spoke English and welcomed the chance to fight against Germany and its allies just as much as the British public did.Know More
In 1914, Australian Prime Minister Andrew Fisher responded to the declaration of war with a pledge of full support for the allied war effort. In this, he was joined by the majority of Australia's parliament as well as the bulk of popular opinion in Australia. Internal political factors were thus driving Australia to war just as strongly as the internal factors in Germany or Russia.
International factors that encouraged Australia's commitment to aid the British war effort revolved around Australia's place in the British Empire. Unlike subject countries, such as India or Burma, Australia's population felt a cultural kinship with the people of Britain, and many Australian families had close relations living in the United Kingdom. Britain was Australia's chief trading partner, and the Royal Navy defended Australia's coasts. It was in Australia's interest to see Britain victorious in its war against the Central Powers.Learn more about World War 1
The Triple Entente was an alliance between Russia, the United Kingdom and France in the years leading up to World War I. It was made official after the U.K. and Russia signed the Anglo-Russian Entente on August 31, 1907 and lasted until Russia withdrew from World War I in 1917.Full Answer >
The countries and empires that fought in World War I included the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. Other powers were Greece, Italy, Japan, Montenegro, Portugal Romania, Russia and Serbia. The United States entered the war on April 6, 1917. Among the well-known soldiers who fought in World War I were the writer J.R.R. Tolkien, the poet Wilfred Owen and Fergus Bowes-Lyon.Full Answer >
After it was over, World War I was called "the war to end all wars" because it was so destructive that the nations of the world wanted to prevent such slaughter from ever happening again. This prompted prolonged negotiations over proposed solutions like the League of Nations. Unfortunately, rather than end war, the harsh terms of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 set the stage for World War II.Full Answer >
Alliance systems that were in place during World War I included the Triple Entente (Britain, Russia, France), the Triple Alliance (Italy, Germany, Austria-Hungary), the Russia-Serbia Treaty and the Britain-Japan Treaty. These alliances contributed to the enormous scale of WWI.Full Answer >