Some of the Aztecs' major accomplishments include advances in herbalism, the discovery of an extremely vivid shade of red and the development of ollama, a precursor to modern soccer. Though the Aztecs were known as powerful warriors, they were also responsible for many peaceful innovations.Know More
The Aztecs performed significant research on the properties of various herbs. The wealthiest members of the nobility had substantial gardens in which herbalists were allowed to experiment with different plants. One Aztec text, the Badianus Manuscript, contains information on over 180 plants and their use in the treatment of illnesses. While some of their treatments were ineffective, the Aztecs made use of many herbs that hold up within modern science including chicalote, a painkiller with properties similar to the opium poppy.
The Aztecs also developed a method of dyeing clothing that produced a shade of red more vivid than any previously seen. They created the dye using carminic acid found in the body of the cochineal beetle. The Spaniards were so impressed by the dye that they exported it for sale in Europe, where it was used to color the robes of Catholic cardinals.
Ollama, a game with many similarities to modern soccer, was another Aztec innovation. Played on a long field, the game featured elevated stone rings through which players attempted to knock a small rubber ball using only their hips, knees and elbows. The game was a special privilege only enjoyed by the nobility.Learn more about Ancient America
Differences between the Aztecs, Mayans and Incas include their location and language system. The Aztecs lived in what is now central Mexico, while the Mayas lived in southern Mexico and the Inca civilization was focused around Chile and Peru. Both the Aztecs and the Mayans developed a writing system for their language, while the Incas did not.Full Answer >
The Spanish army, led by Hernán Cortés, conquered the Aztecs. The battle for parts of what is now Mexico lasted for just over two years between the Aztecs and the Spanish.Full Answer >
The Aztecs adapted to their surrounding environment in several ways, including making floating gardens to enable agricultural production on water surfaces, building canoes and creating dikes. The Aztecs lived in a swampy and moist environment in the vicinity of Lake Texcoco, which lies in the Valley of Mexico. The Aztecs encountered hurdles specific to their environment, such as frequent floods, which necessitated certain adaptations to allow the Aztecs to survive and even thrive.Full Answer >
The Aztecs ate a variety of different animals including turkeys, ducks, deer, rabbit, dogs and insects. The only domesticated animals the Aztecs raised were turkeys, ducks and dogs, and these animals provided only a small amount of meat to the Aztec diet.Full Answer >