Aztecs lived throughout the area now known as Central America. The Aztec capital city was Tenochtitlan, which was in the area of modern-day Mexico City.Know More
The Aztecs called themselves the Mexica. They originally came from a place called Aztlan, though historians debate about exactly where this was located. They roamed throughout the 12th century in what is now Mexico, eventually settling around Lake Texcoco. The Tepanecs expelled them from the region, and the Mexica settled Tizapan with permission from Cocxtli, who was the leader of a people known as the Culhuacan. From there, the Mexica settled Tenochtitlan, which is modern-day Mexico City. The Aztecs expanded quickly during the 14th and 5th centuries, building canals and settling much of modern-day Mexico.
Cortez arrived on the Yucatan peninsula on 1519, and this was the beginning of the end for the Aztec Empire. Prior to his arrival, there was a series of natural disasters, including severe floods, in Tenochtitlan. A comet appeared in the sky as well, which was thought to be a symbol of doom. Cortes allied himself with enemies of the Aztec known as the Tlaxcala and conquered the Aztec capital city in 1521. Cortes renamed the city Mexico City, and hung the emperor.Learn More
The native people of the Aztec Empire looked much like the ethnically indigenous people of Central and South America today. The Aztecs lived in what is now Central Mexico and arrived in Mesoamerica in the early 13th century. However, it is important to note that as the Aztec empire grew in size, it also grew more ethnically diverse, and to associate one ethnic appearance with the Aztec people is inaccurate.Full Answer >
There were a number of jobs available in Aztec society, and people had access to certain types of work depending on the social group they were born into. Farm work formed the foundation of the Aztec economy, but there were also diverse middle class occupations like merchant, artisan and soldier.Full Answer >
The Aztecs traded crops such as beans, corn, pears, squash, tobacco, cotton, tomatoes and peppers as well as turkeys, feathers and blankets. Because they didn't have a monetary system in place, the Aztecs bartered with goods.Full Answer >
Aztecs used chinampas, or long, narrow man-made islands built on the shallow lakes of Central Mexico, for their most intensive farming. The Encyclopaedia Britannica states that these chinampas provided fertile, dedicated fields composed of layered dirt and mud divided by wide navigable canals.Full Answer >