The Bastille is a former fortress in Paris, France, that was famously stormed by a crowd during the French Revolution. It was a symbol of the cruelty and mistreatment of the common people by the French monarchy under Louis XVI.Know More
The Bastille was built in the 1300s and converted into a prison in the 1700s. It was used as a state facility by the kings of France and housed primarily political prisoners and upper-class members of French society. Most of the Bastille’s prisoners were not given a trial but were held under the king’s orders. To the French commoners, the Bastille was a symbol of the tyranny of the French monarchy.
On July 14, 1789, the Parisian commoners stormed the Bastille in response to a political crisis. At the time of the storming, only seven inmates were housed in the Bastille. Regardless, the successful storming was a momentous event and a turning point in the French Revolution.
The Bastille was eventually demolished and replaced by a vibrant city square called the Place de la Bastille. Due to its famous association with the Revolution, the Place de la Bastille is a common site for political demonstrations. In France, the date of the storming of the Bastille is a federal holiday.Learn more about French Revolution
The Fall of the Bastille on July 14, 1789 did not start out as an important event, but by the end of the attack it became a turning point for the French Revolution because it forced the king to pay attention to the commoners and led to numerous changes of the Revolution. The attack on the Bastille became a symbol of triumph for the Revolution. It was the moment that many called a triumph over despotism and over the king himself.Full Answer >
The French Revolution concluded in 1799 with the fall and abolition of the French monarchy and the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte's dictatorship. In place of the monarchy, France established a democratic republic devoted to the ideas of liberalism, secularism and other philosophies that became popular during the Enlightenment. Despite the national devotion to republicanism, the empire grew increasingly authoritarian and militaristic under the leadership of Napoleon.Full Answer >
During the French Revolution, the National Assembly represented the revolutionaries of the Third Estate and petitioned the King of France for many rights. The National Assembly also created the "Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen," which was to guarantee rights for every citizen in France regardless of whatever government laws King Louis XVI passed.Full Answer >
Jean Paul Marat was among the most outspoken figures who led the French Revolution, and through such vehicles as his journal "L'Ami du Peuple," he created a wellspring of criticism that pushed the uprising to its bloodiest years, beginning in 1792. His work led to his assassination.Full Answer >