Benito Mussolini came to power by forming the Fascist Party in 1919. Italy was in a state of unrest and the Fascist Party began gaining support on a national level.Know More
By 1922, the country's chaos continued and Mussolini and his Fascist Party gathered and traveled to Rome. After arriving, King Victor Emmanuel III requested that Mussolini start forming a government in the hopes that he could restore order and prevent a communist takeover. During the next few years, he worked to form an effective government and in 1925, he officially became dictator of Italy.
Immediately after declaring himself dictator, the country became state-controlled and Mussolini began restoring order in Italy by putting establishing programs to help the poor and improve the economy. Although he was successful at first in improving his country economy-wise, his outlawing of other political parties and censorship of the press interrupted the daily life of Italians. In 1935, Mussolini invaded Abyssinia and in 1939, he signed the the Pact of Steel alongside Adolph Hitler. Following Nazi Germany's lead, he also brought about strong feelings of anti-Semitism throughout Italy as he implemented Jewish discrimination policies. Mussolini continued to reign for several years until the Allied Forces stepped in 1942 and arrested him. Three years later, Mussolini was executed.Learn more about Modern History
There are a variety of interesting little-known facts about Benito Mussolini, including he was always a violent person even when he was younger and he was a socialist before he became a fascist. Mussolini was the leader of the National Fascist party and was the Prime Minister of Italy from 1922 to 1943.Full Answer >
Benito Mussolini became prime minister of Italy because the Italian king at the time, Victor Emmanuel III, was worried about what would happen after the march on Rome for the Fascist movement. Mussolini led the march and was interested in holding power as he felt that he needed to create a Roman Empire in Italy as part of his destiny.Full Answer >
South Africa gained its independence from Great Britain in 1934, though the African National Congress, which was formed 22 years prior to South Africa gaining its independence, did not gain power until 1994.Full Answer >
Mexico effectively became a democracy in 2000 as a result of the end of one-party rule when the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) was removed from power by the election of Vincente Fox of the National Action Party (PAN). The PRI's one-party rule began in 1929 after a period of political turmoil and a series of coups that have been collectively termed the Mexican Revolution, but have also been described as a civil war. The PRI returned to power in 2012 with the election of President Enrique Pena Nieto.Full Answer >