Benjamin Franklin changed the world by helping write the Declaration of Independence and U.S. Constitution, negotiating the end of the Revolutionary War with the Treaty of Paris and becoming the first ambassador of the United States to France. He also had notable achievements as a publisher, author, scientist and inventor.Know More
Benjamin Franklin is considered one of the founding fathers of the United States. He was a delegate to the Second Continental Congress and the first postmaster general of the United States. After serving as part of the five-man committee that drafted the Declaration of Independence, Congress sent him to France to persuade the French to enter the Revolutionary War on the side of the Americans. The French alliance with the United States was crucial to America's victory. In 1787, at 81 years old, he was the oldest delegate to the Constitutional Convention.
As a publisher and writer, Franklin bought, wrote and printed the Pennsylvania Gazette newspaper. He also produced the "Poor Richard's Almanac," which contained phrases that are still part of American vernacular. As a scientist, he conducted a famous experiment that proved that lightning is electricity. He created America's first volunteer fire department and lending library. He also invented the Franklin stove, the lightning rod, swim fins and bifocal eyeglasses.Learn more about Inventions
Benjamin Franklin invented bifocals in 1784. As announced in a letter to a friend, he called the new invention "double spectacles." The glasses allowed a person to see far or near, depending on what part of the lens they were looking through.Full Answer >
Benjamin Franklin invented swim fins, bifocals, the lightning rod, the Franklin stove, the mechanized glass armonica and the "long arm" for reaching books. He created the first map of the Gulf Stream and improved the odometer and the catheter. He also posited the theory that lightning is electricity.Full Answer >
The Treaty of Paris, signed in 1763, brought an end to the Seven Years' War fought between France and Great Britain. France gave up all of its territorial holdings in North America, transferring a number of these to Great Britain. Canada, a number of islands in the Caribbean and the area between the Mississippi River and the Appalachian Mountains all fell under British control as a result of the treaty.Full Answer >
Benjamin Franklin’s most prominent contributions during the American Revolution were helping to draft the Declaration of Independence and successfully negotiating an alliance with France. In 1776, Franklin was on the five-member committee that helped craft the Declaration of Independence. Later that year, Congress sent Franklin to France and he gained their support against the English. The French agreed to provide soldiers, supplies and money for the colonial war effort.Full Answer >