The Black Panther Party actively defended the citizens of Oakland, Calif. against police brutality and implemented community programs to combat the effects of poverty. The party's goal was to end the physical and economic oppression of African Americans in the United States.Know More
The Black Panther Party began as an Oakland County neighborhood patrol group that protected citizens from police brutality. In 1967, party members marched into the California State Capitol and protested the proposed Mulford Act. They argued that limiting the right to carry loaded weapons in public was an attempt to undermine the Panther's ability to protect the community. This radical philosophical stance and forceful resistance caused the FBI to label the party as enemies of the U.S. government and actively work to shut down their operation. During 1969, the FBI's pursuit culminated in several shoot-outs with the Panthers and resulted in the deaths of six party members.
Despite the violence, the Black Panther Party organized and launched community programs that conducted tuberculosis testing and provided legal aid for those with draft and housing complaints. The party also addressed hunger by distributing groceries and creating the Free Breakfast for Children Program, which was later adopted by the U.S. government and survived into the 21st century.Learn more about US History
According to Library of Congress researchers, the successful handling of the Whiskey Rebellion enforced several constitutional ideas the rebellion challenged, such as the right of the federal government to pass and enforce laws, and the right to collect taxes from the citizens of all states. The use of force ended the Whiskey Rebellion in 1794.Full Answer >
The Antifederalists wanted a Bill of Rights to prevent the federal government from becoming too powerful, eventually robbing the citizens of their individual rights and making them no better off than they had been under England's rule. The Antifederalists feared a large federal government that had the potential of becoming tyrannical.Full Answer >
Thomas Jefferson’s concept “consent of the governed” states that citizens have a right to design and participate in government, either directly or through elected representatives, and demand that their government grant them civil liberties and equal treatment under the law. Jefferson developed his concept of “consent of the governed” from the works of English philosopher John Locke.Full Answer >
The black panther, a term that encompasses black leopards and black jaguars, lives mainly in areas with dense rain forests. Black leopards live in Africa, Central Asia, India and China while black jaguars are found in Latin America.Full Answer >