The Bosnian War took place when Bosnia and Herzegovina attempted to declare independence in the wake of the dissolution of Yugoslavia and when Serbia attempted to prevent this breakaway. Aided by forces from Serbia, Bosnian Serbs took up arms against the Bosniaks and Croats in the country, triggering a violent and destructive war that lasted for more than three years.Know More
The roots of the conflict lay in the creation of Yugoslavia, a country formed out of very different ethnic groups in the wake of World War II. Originally, the country was ruled over by a strong, centrally planned Soviet government that governed all the different groups of citizens. When the Soviet Union collapsed, so did this central authority, and the country began to break up almost immediately afterward. A number of separate wars occurred during this process, including the Bosnian War.
At first, the Serbs held the upper hand in the Bosnian War, until an alliance between the Bosniaks and the Croats allowed them to focus on a common enemy. In addition, the revelation of acts of genocide and other war crimes drew the international community into the conflict against the Serbs. In the end, Bosnia and Herzegovina won independence, resulting in yet another new state rising from the ashes of Yugoslavia.Learn More
In figures released in 1995, Vietnam claimed 2 million civilians died on both sides, while 1.1 million North Vietnamese soldiers and between 200,000 and 250,000 South Vietnamese soldiers lost their lives in the war. Roughly 58,200 American soldiers died during the United States' involvement in the conflict.Full Answer >
While there are no officially agreed upon dates, most historians classify the Cold War as the period from 1945 to 1989. The conflict refers to the tension between the United States and the Soviet Union following World War II and did not involve direct military battle.Full Answer >
The "War on Poverty" is an unofficial nickname for a collection of legislation introduced by the Lyndon B. Johnson administration. The name comes from a State of the Union address given by Johnson prior to introducing this legislation, in which he declared an "unconditional war on poverty in America."Full Answer >
The commonly accepted dates for the Vietnam conflict are 1954 to 1975. Most of the military fighting occurred between 1957 and 1973. Because Congress never officially passed a vote to declare a war, the United States was never technically at war with North Vietnam.Full Answer >