The Bosnian War took place when Bosnia and Herzegovina attempted to declare independence in the wake of the dissolution of Yugoslavia and when Serbia attempted to prevent this breakaway. Aided by forces from Serbia, Bosnian Serbs took up arms against the Bosniaks and Croats in the country, triggering a violent and destructive war that lasted for more than three years.Know More
The roots of the conflict lay in the creation of Yugoslavia, a country formed out of very different ethnic groups in the wake of World War II. Originally, the country was ruled over by a strong, centrally planned Soviet government that governed all the different groups of citizens. When the Soviet Union collapsed, so did this central authority, and the country began to break up almost immediately afterward. A number of separate wars occurred during this process, including the Bosnian War.
At first, the Serbs held the upper hand in the Bosnian War, until an alliance between the Bosniaks and the Croats allowed them to focus on a common enemy. In addition, the revelation of acts of genocide and other war crimes drew the international community into the conflict against the Serbs. In the end, Bosnia and Herzegovina won independence, resulting in yet another new state rising from the ashes of Yugoslavia.Learn more about Modern History
Apartheid was instituted as a widespread systematic effort to concretize racial segregation and white supremacy in South Africa during the 20th century. It was meant to ensure white control over both the economy as well as the social environment, including how the races could interact and what jobs were available to whom.Full Answer >
The stock market crash of 1929 and the subsequent financial panic that followed marked the beginning of the Great Depression. The stock market crash caused consumers to panic and banks to fail.Full Answer >
Apartheid was created as a means of cementing economic and social control over South Africa and its resources. The country was colonized by the English and the Dutch in the 17th century. Yet, when gold was discovered in the 1900s, the British seized control, and war broke out. Eventually, peace negotiations were reached and the two shared power over South Africa until the Reunited National Party won the 1948 election.Full Answer >
The Cold War lasted for about 45 years, from around 1946 until the fall of the USSR in 1991. It was an attempt by the United States and NATO allies to contain Soviet aggression and, later, the spread of communism.Full Answer >