The Suez Canal was of strategic importance to Britain, both for international shipping (particularly to India) and for its rule in Egypt. When Egypt was granted nominal independence in 1922, the security of British interests in the Suez Canal were maintained by a permanent military garrison.Know More
British forces withdrew from the Suez Canal Zone in 1956, in which year the canal was nationalized by Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser.
Britain and France secretly plotted with Israel to invade Egypt and regain control. Following the conflict in 1957, the Suez Canal was returned to Egypt by the United Nations, along with reparations.
Even so, the actions of Britain and France had drawn Egypt into allegiance with the USSR.Learn more about Exploration & Imperialism
Great Britain formally took possession of India as a colony after suppressing the Indian Mutiny, or Rebellion, of 1857, and the country later won its independence in 1947. The 20th-century Indian independence movement, led by Mahatma Gandhi and comprised primarily of nonviolent resistance to British rule, led the 1947 partition of the former colony into the independent nations of the Republic of India and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.Full Answer >
The two bodies of water connected by the Suez Canal are the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. The Suez Canal is located through a narrow strip of land in the north of Egypt.Full Answer >
The Dutch gained control of the Indian Ocean trade by creating a network of fortified posts that stretched from the Netherlands to the Horn of Africa, and further to the continent of India. The Dutch used these forts to protect shipping and monopolize the nutmeg and cinnamon trade.Full Answer >
While many European powers established colonies around the world, three that are well known for their colonial exploits are Britain, France and Spain. All three established colonies in the New World, along with Portugal, the Netherlands and Russia.Full Answer >