British Columbia entered the Canadian Confederation in 1871 because financiers in Ottawa agreed to build a railroad through the territory within a decade, took on the territory's massive debt and provided government subsidies to help British Columbia become more solvent. The United States wanted British Columbia as reparations from the British following the American Civil War and because America purchased Alaska in 1867. The British refused the United States' demands.Know More
Amor de Cosmos was a leading proponent of British Columbia joining the confederation. His support for joining Canada was opposed by the area's elite, who still wanted to be a part of Britain. Cosmos used his influence as a newspaper owner to further the cause of joining Canada.
The British appointed Sir Anthony Musgrave as the colony's governor with the mandate that he would make this western territory part of Canada. He helped convince local residents that joining Canada was the best course of action for this sparsely populated region.
The delegation sent to Ottawa had several demands, one of which was to alleviate British Columbia's $1.5 million debt. Another major concern was transportation, so the delegation wanted a wagon trail stretching eastward. George Cartier, representing the Canadian government, surprised the British Columbians by offering to build a railroad and supplying more than $200,000 per year to finance public work projects.Learn more about US History
The Spanish built missions in Texas to spread their own power and influence and to help defend their territory. The Spanish created missions in modern-day New Mexico, Texas and Arizona for the purposes of rounding up cooperative Native American tribes in order to convert them to Christianity and the Spanish way of life. In addition to missions, Spaniards established presidios, or forts, as protection against any Native Americans deemed hostile or uncooperative, as well as other threats.Full Answer >
It took 6 years to build the Transcontinental Railroad. It was built between 1863 and 1869 and it measured 1,776 miles in length. This was the first time that the Atlantic and Pacific coasts were connected by railroad in the United States.Full Answer >
The Canadian province of British Columbia is located in western Canada. It is Canada's westernmost province, and it shares a border with three other Canadian provinces or territories and four U.S. states.Full Answer >
The Kwakiutl Indians are indigenous people who originated in British Columbia, Canada and expanded through Vancouver Island, nearby mainlands and other islands. As of 2014, there are approximately 7,718 Kwakiutl people.Full Answer >