British Columbia entered the Canadian Confederation in 1871 because financiers in Ottawa agreed to build a railroad through the territory within a decade, took on the territory's massive debt and provided government subsidies to help British Columbia become more solvent. The United States wanted British Columbia as reparations from the British following the American Civil War and because America purchased Alaska in 1867. The British refused the United States' demands.Know More
Amor de Cosmos was a leading proponent of British Columbia joining the confederation. His support for joining Canada was opposed by the area's elite, who still wanted to be a part of Britain. Cosmos used his influence as a newspaper owner to further the cause of joining Canada.
The British appointed Sir Anthony Musgrave as the colony's governor with the mandate that he would make this western territory part of Canada. He helped convince local residents that joining Canada was the best course of action for this sparsely populated region.
The delegation sent to Ottawa had several demands, one of which was to alleviate British Columbia's $1.5 million debt. Another major concern was transportation, so the delegation wanted a wagon trail stretching eastward. George Cartier, representing the Canadian government, surprised the British Columbians by offering to build a railroad and supplying more than $200,000 per year to finance public work projects.Learn more about US History
New Brunswick entered the Canadian Confederation in 1867 because the settlers thought that joining with Canada would be good for the economy and out of fear that the United States would want to expand northward into the colony.Full Answer >
The Articles of Confederation had several weaknesses. Three notable weaknesses include the national government's lack of power to tax, the absence of national army or navy and the ability of each state to issue their own paper money.Full Answer >
"Return to normalcy" was a 1920 United States presidential campaign slogan that helped Warren G. Harding become the 29th U.S. president, but the phrase also had an ironic significance because the 1920s were a decade of great change, not all of it positive. The slogan was based on the premise that the nation was tired of reform policies and the turbulence of the World War I years. The 1920s, however, became known as the "Roaring Twenties," witnessed the rise of organized crime as a result of the bootlegging trade that developed after the passage of the prohibition laws and ended with the Great Depression.Full Answer >
The Canadian province of British Columbia is located in western Canada. It is Canada's westernmost province, and it shares a border with three other Canadian provinces or territories and four U.S. states.Full Answer >