The beginnings of the British Empire can be traced back to the reign of Queen Elizabeth I and the continuing competition for markets and resources which existed between England and the continental countries of France, Spain and Holland. In 1578, Elizabeth I granted Humphrey Gilbert a patent for overseas exploration and discovery. Although he claimed the island of Newfoundland for England in 1583, it was his half-brother Walter Raleigh who established the first overseas colony for England, called Roanoke, in 1584 on the coast of modern-day North Carolina.Know More
The reign of Elizabeth I saw England setting up trading companies in the East Indies, Russia and Turkey while colonies were also being established on the newly explored North American coast. During the early 1600s, these colonies were expanded and the colonization of Ulster in Ireland began. The British Empire then began to grow with the formation of private companies, such as the English East India Company, which was designed to manage the colonies and control overseas trade. This period of time, ending with England's loss of the American colonies in the American War of Independence, is referred to as the "First British Empire."
During its height, the British Empire was history's largest empire and the foremost global power. The empire controlled the affairs of about one-fifth of the world's population in 1922 and covered almost one-quarter of the world's land mass.Learn more about Modern Europe
The British Empire held Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Tonga, Fiji, Western Samoa, India, Burma, Papa New Guinea, Malaya, Sarawak, Brunei, Oman, Iraq, Egypt, Libya, Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, Northern and Southern Rhodesia, Tanganyika, Zanzibar, Mauritius, the Maldives, South Africa, Swaziland, Nigeria, Gold Coast, and Sierra Leone, among other countries during its reign. It has also held a portion of the present day United States and China.Full Answer >
The saying "The sun never sets on the British Empire" means that the British Empire was once so expansive that there was always some part of it that was sunny. Though the same thing had been said of many previous empires, it was perhaps most true for the British Empire. At its greatest extent, this empire had extensive holdings in Africa, Asia, Europe and the Americas.Full Answer >
The Church of England was established by Queen Elizabeth as part of the Elizabethan religious settlement in 1558. The settlement was intended to create stability for the nation and government, from the tension between Catholicism and Protestantism.Full Answer >
Queen Victoria established the modern role of a monarch in a constitutional monarchy and exerted her influence to promote the British Empire's expansion and reforms benefiting the poor, according to the website of The British Monarchy. During her 67-year reign of Britain, the Empire experienced immense social, political and industrial change. Her longevity, combined with her grace and reclusive nature, led to her becoming a national icon of moral strictness.Full Answer >