Royal Navy Captain James Cook died on February 14, 1779, after he was stabbed in a scuffle with Hawaiian islanders when he attempted to take the local leader hostage. His death occurred during his third exploratory voyage on the HMS Endeavour.Know More
Cook's third voyage was a failed attempt to find the fabled North-West Passage believed to link the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. When he could not find the route, he took his two ships and explored the island of Hawaii.
Cook and his crew were the first Europeans to ever see Australia, which Cook named New South Wales and claimed for Great Britain in 1769. He was hoping to locate the southernmost continent, Antarctica, which had not yet been discovered.Learn more about Modern History
James Cook died on Feb. 14, 1779, after he was clubbed on the head and speared by a native Hawaiian. His death occurred in a battle on the beach at Kealakekua Bay.Full Answer >
King James I is famous for the Authorized King James's Bible, his 1611 translation, which would become a standard text. He Became King James VI of Scotland on July 24, 1567, and King James I of England and Ireland on March 24, 1603. He ruled until his death on March 27, 1625.Full Answer >
The Italian astronomer, physicist and mathematician, Galileo Galilei, died on January 8, 1642 at the age of 77 after suffering heart palpitations and a long fever. At the time of his death, Galileo had been under house arrest for 8 years as a result of having held to the opinion that the sun remains motionless and that the earth revolves around it. He was found guilty by the inquisition in Rome for defending the Copernican theory of heliocentrism, after it had been declared contrary to Holy Scripture.Full Answer >
Puerto Rico is not independent as of February 2015. The island is a territory of the United States; it was previously under the rule of the Spanish Empire.Full Answer >