Carl Linnaeus, also known as Carolus Linnaeus or Carl von Linné, invented a classification system used to name living things. His classification system, called binomial nomenclature, is still being used and puts species into a hierarchical order.
Binomial nomenclature consists of naming each species by two Latin names: a genus name and a species name. Linnaeus even went so far as to place genera into orders, orders into classes and classes into kingdoms to put organisms into hierarchies and show relationships between organisms.
The binomial nomenclature naming system has several advantages over using common names to denote species. Scientists from different countries can refer to a species without getting confused. Binomial nomenclature transcends cultures and dialects. Common names may be the same for several species. For example, oak trees can belong to one of several different species. Binomial nomenclature differentiates between various species, whereas common names may not.Learn More
Polish astronomer Nicolas Copernicus, considered the father of modern astronomy, is also, for all intents and purposes, the inventor of the globe. To illustrate his belief that the Earth was spherical, Copernicus built globes and terrain models called armillary spheres. These constructions were the first globes.Full Answer >
Albert Einstein worked in the fields of mathematics and physics, and most of his contributions were in terms of academic theory. There is, however, a refrigerator that bears his name, and he had also developed a compass, a gyrocompass and a hearing aid.Full Answer >
Regarded as one of the greatest mathematicians of all time, Archimedes invented a method known as Archimedes’ principle. It is a method used for determining the volume of an asymmetrical object. Archimedes of Syracuse was a mathematician, inventor and engineer from Ancient Greece.Full Answer >
Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei was the inventor of the first pendulum clock, after his discovery of isochronism, which is the time that the pendulum takes to swing. Contrary to popular belief, Galileo was not the inventor of the telescope; Galileo built a telescope based on creations by the Dutch, and it was known as a spyglass. Galileo also built a thermometer and a compass during his lifetime.Full Answer >