Chester W. Nimitz was one of the most important naval figures in American military history and was a top commander during the Second World War. From the very beginning of formal American involvement in that war, Nimitz served as primary commander of United States naval forces in the Pacific theater. He remained in that vital post until the end of the conflict in August 1945.Know More
Before the coming of WWII, Nimitz had risen quickly through the ranks, distinguishing himself as a promising young officer. His credentials and reputation were strong enough by 1941 to earn him the overall Pacific command after the devastating surprise assault on Pearl Harbor in December of that year.
After Pearl Harbor, Nimitz led American naval forces through the tumultuous next four years, rebuilding the fleet and taking the offensive against the Japanese. Impressive victories at Midway, the Solomon Islands, Leyte Gulf, among others places, eventually drove the war to the shores of Japan. According to Naval History and Heritage Command, Nimitz himself oversaw the signing of the surrender papers aboard the USS Missouri in 1945. After the war, Nimitz briefly served as Chief of Naval Operations before serving with the United Nations four years later. In the 1950s, Nimitz was active in helping to rebuild solid relations with the Japanese, even being involved with efforts to restore and honor Japan's wartime naval past.Learn More
Britain and France's political approach to Germany in the aftermath of World War I likely opened the door for the aggression that caused World War II, according to the Stanford History Education Group. There is no way of knowing if a different approach could have resulted in a different outcome, but it can be argued that British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's policy of appeasement emboldened German leadership's desire to gain territory.Full Answer >
World War II lasted 6 years. The war started in September of 1939, with Germany invading Poland. It was ended 6 years later in 1945, also in September.Full Answer >
World War II was won by the Allies, which consisted of the United States, Britain, Australia, France, China, the Soviet Union and Canada. There were other countries involved in the defeat of the Axis alliance, however, the Allies played the most important role.Full Answer >
World War II officially ended on August 15, 1945. In Europe, the war ended on May 8, 1945 after Adolf Hitler committed suicide, but it was not until August that Japan officially surrenderedFull Answer >