The People's Republic of China's stated goal in invading Tibet in 1950, sometimes referred to as a re-annexation, was to liberate the Tibetans from a repressive system of feudalism and to improve economic development and education within the region. The leader of the Chinese Communist Party, Mao Zedong, also stood to obtain political benefits from the international community, such as a recognition of legitimacy for the new government, by reclaiming the region without any visible interference from foreign powers or organizations. The re-annexation of the region carried a symbolic meaning for the Chinese Communist Party and helped to extend the spirit of confidence gained after their victory in the civil war fought against the Nationalists.Know More
The invasion was preceded by a breakdown in negotiations between the de facto independent government of Tibet and the new People's Republic of China. Mao's representative at the talks communicated the proposal that Tibet be considered as a region within China with the P.R.C. maintaining responsibility for the region's trade and foreign relations in addition to providing defense. The implication was that a refusal of the proposal would lead to a liberation of the region by China's military forces, or People's Liberation Army. The Tibetan position was to maintain the older relationship in which China played the role of a patron and, if needed, a protector. The Tibetans did not see a need for Chinese troops to be stationed within the region unless requested in response to a threat from a foreign invader.
The Tibetans continued to refuse to accept the Chinese proposal and sought foreign support. During the stalled negotiations, the People's Liberation Army eventually crossed the Jinsha River and surrounded the outnumbered Tibetan defense forces, effectively giving China control over the region.Learn more about Modern Asia
Japan invaded Manchuria because they stated that the Chinese soldiers in Manchuria had ruined the Manchurian railway, which belonged to and was controlled by the Japanese.The invasion of Manchuria took place on September 18, 1931.Full Answer >
Historians agree Japan invaded Manchuria in 1931 for two main reasons: ideology and natural resources. Nationalist leaders in Japan desired to unite all of Asia under one emperor, an ideology known as hakkô ichiu.Full Answer >
The Boxer Rebellion in China, which was ultimately suppressed by the Eight-Nation Alliance of foreign powers in 1901, severely weakened the Qing Dynasty and its defense capabilities, forced the Chinese to accept the garrisoning of foreign troops within their borders and helped fuel a growing nationalist fervor. Much of the international expeditionary force that invaded China to suppress the rebellion stayed on after the fighting ended and engaged in massive looting, confiscation of property and extreme punitive actions against suspected supporters of the uprising, including civilians. China was also required to pay reparations that would have amounted to more than $60 billion based on a 2010 purchasing power parity.Full Answer >
As of 2014, the Chinese prime minister, known as Premier, is Li Keqiang. Born in 1955 in Anhui province, he was 57 years old when he was elected in 2013. He is the son of a local official.Full Answer >