The People's Republic of China's stated goal in invading Tibet in 1950, sometimes referred to as a re-annexation, was to liberate the Tibetans from a repressive system of feudalism and to improve economic development and education within the region. The leader of the Chinese Communist Party, Mao Zedong, also stood to obtain political benefits from the international community, such as a recognition of legitimacy for the new government, by reclaiming the region without any visible interference from foreign powers or organizations. The re-annexation of the region carried a symbolic meaning for the Chinese Communist Party and helped to extend the spirit of confidence gained after their victory in the civil war fought against the Nationalists.Know More
The invasion was preceded by a breakdown in negotiations between the de facto independent government of Tibet and the new People's Republic of China. Mao's representative at the talks communicated the proposal that Tibet be considered as a region within China with the P.R.C. maintaining responsibility for the region's trade and foreign relations in addition to providing defense. The implication was that a refusal of the proposal would lead to a liberation of the region by China's military forces, or People's Liberation Army. The Tibetan position was to maintain the older relationship in which China played the role of a patron and, if needed, a protector. The Tibetans did not see a need for Chinese troops to be stationed within the region unless requested in response to a threat from a foreign invader.
The Tibetans continued to refuse to accept the Chinese proposal and sought foreign support. During the stalled negotiations, the People's Liberation Army eventually crossed the Jinsha River and surrounded the outnumbered Tibetan defense forces, effectively giving China control over the region.Learn more about Modern Asia
The Chinese Revolution of 1911, also known as the Xinhai Revolution, ended the Qing Dynasty, formed the Republic of China and sparked a lengthy period of ideological and political struggle. Sun Yat-sen, the revolution's leader, was pronounced the first provisional president of the new republic on December 29, 1911 and a new flag, referred to as the Five Races Under One Union flag, was adopted as the emblem of the nation. The last Chinese Emperor, Xuantong Puyi, officially abdicated on February 12, 1912, signaling the beginning of the Chinese Republican Era and the end of 4,000 years of Imperial rule.Full Answer >
Manuel Roxas was elected in 1946 as the first president of the Republic of the Philippines and is credited with bringing the nation out of post-war economic and social destitution. Roxas established himself as a prominent political leader, instituting several key political and economic policies while in office.Full Answer >
China officially became communist on Oct. 1, 1949 after years of internal conflict when Mao Zedong proclaimed it the People's Republic of China. As chairman of the Chinese Communist Party, Mao Zedong, often called Chairman Mao, became the ruler of China until he died in 1976.Full Answer >
Confucianism impacted China by teaching social values and transcendent concepts, and by establishing institutions such as churches, schools and state buildings. Confucianism, in the most basic sense, classifies as a religion. However, historians consider Confucianism a civil religion, as its teachings and concepts touch on all aspects of society and life, carried out through rules, laws and codes.Full Answer >