China primarily exported silk and porcelain along the Silk Road. Initially, China received horses and various agricultural crops from the West. Carpets, tapestries, blankets and other woven goods from Central Asia and East Mediterranean became popular luxury items. From India, China imported spices, dyes, fabrics and ivory and sent back to the world Chinese paper, bronze ornaments and tea. Animals like sheep, hunting dogs, lions and leopards were also traded.Know More
Although Marco Polo referred to the routes as the silk roads, the term was not officially used until 1877 when the German researcher Ferdinand Richthofen referred to them as "the Great Silk Road" in his work "China." Merchants traveled along the Silk Road in large caravans, bringing with them camels, bodyguards and travelers. The Silk Road was composed of many different routes, and merchants rarely traveled the entire length, preferring instead to stop at various cities and tradeposts along the way.
The Silk Road flourished during the Yuan Dynasty because of Mongol control of the trade routes. Chinese merchants found themselves and their goods protected and enjoyed an increase in status.
Unfortunately, historians have also theorized that the Silk Road contributed to the spread of the Black Death in Europe.Learn more about Ancient History
Medieval towns grew due to a combination of factors including an increase in trade, European geography, enhanced farming technology and population growth. The Crusades during the 11th century opened up the trading routes across the Mediterranean Sea, while land trade routes from northern Italy to central Europe were also revived. Advances in civil technology allowed towns to support an increasingly concentrated population.Full Answer >
Many famous warriors from China's long history can be found in the Three Kingdoms period from 220 to 280 A.D. Two of the most notable are Guan Yu and Zhang Fei.Full Answer >
The Chinese elements are earth, fire, metal, water and wood. According to Chinese philosophy, the 12 astrology signs pass through the elements, with the resulting interactions used to explain a variety of phenomena in astrology, medicine and other fields.Full Answer >
Great Britain took Hong Kong from China after winning the First Opium War and took southern Kowloon after winning the Second Opium War. Portugal claimed the Macau region and kept it until 1999. France took over the region that is now northern Vietnam from China by winning the Sino-French War.Full Answer >