The Civil Rights movement took place all across the United States, mainly in the Southern states. One of the most well-known and earliest boycotts during the movement took place in Montgomery, Ala.
Montgomery's city bus boycott started when a black woman named Rosa Parks refused to give her up her seat at the front of a Montgomery bus. It was common during that period for an African-American person to be forced to give up a seat if a white person was in need of it. She was jailed for her actions and African-Americans around the city began boycotting the public bus system. This boycott lasted for over a year. While the major protests took place in Alabama, other states, including North Carolina were also home to protests and boycotts.Learn More
After the Civil War, the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments gave former slaves new rights as citizens, but states quickly passed laws to prevent African Americans from gaining the same access to business opportunities, transportation and other facets of society that whites enjoyed. In 1896, the Plessy vs. Ferguson case legalized this practice as long as former slaves were given "separate but equal" facilities.Full Answer >
Harriet Tubman did not have any children with her spouses, but she did adopt a baby girl named Gertie. At the time of the adoption, Tubman was married to her second husband, Nelson Davis. Davis was a Civil War veteran.Full Answer >
Woodrow Wilson's "New Freedom" platform for the 1912 presidential election focused on providing support for small businessmen and small farmers while attacking the trusts, banks and tariffs. "New Freedom" subsequently became what his entire 1912-1916 presidential term was referred to after he won the election.Full Answer >
The Trail of Tears took place towards the start of the 1830s with President Andrew Jackson in office. Almost 125,000 Native Americans were forced, by the United States federal government, to move from Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina and Florida and make the long march to new land west of the Mississippi River.Full Answer >