The Cold War ended when Mikhail Gorbachev became the leader of the Soviet Union. After taking control of the country in 1985, he set about reforming governmental policies. The dismantling of the Berlin Wall in 1989 is often viewed as the symbolic end of the Cold War.
Gorbachev's new policy changes included allowing Western goods, ideas and services into the USSR in hopes of reviving the economy. This had the opposite effect of what the leader wished for, however, and as citizens got a taste of freedom, this caused communist governments to begin falling around the world. This desire for freedom eventually spread to the Soviet Union and many states within the country began claiming independence. In 1991, Gorbachev proposed a treaty giving the states more autonomy, but they were not satisfied and more states began declaring independence. This left the president without a nation to rule.
As the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) continued to collapse, the newly independent states began adopting more Western trades and ideas. The Cold War lasted for more than 45 years and it became a major part of the lives of Americans as many people, including governmental agencies, remained prepared for a violent confrontation with the Soviet Union. Several political parties tried taking credit for the collapse of the country, but there was no one single cause.Learn More
Arthur Miller's "The Crucible" was his response to the level of fear and over the top reactions that McCarthyism had brought on America in the 1950s. Arthur Miller was called up for questioning by the HUAC, or House of Un-American Acts Committee, in 1956 where he was cited with contempt of Congress for refusing to name names on possible Communist sympathizers.Full Answer >
In addition to the untold consequences for military families due to the massive loss of 58,000 American lives during the conflict, the Vietnam War led to the end of the military draft in the United States, a reduction in the voting age to age 18, restriction of a sitting president's ability to send military forces into combat, weakened and undermined morale among the U.S. military and caused damage to the American economy. In addition, the Vietnam War caused divisions in the Democratic Party and caused Americans to be suspicious of their government. Returning soldiers fared little better, with an estimated 700,000 Vietnam veterans suffering from the psychological after effects of war.Full Answer >
The French Revolution was a 10-year period of upheaval in the country that began in 1789 with the summoning of the Estates-General by King Louis XVI. The deputies of the three Estates of French society were to meet to deliberate voting on taxes to fund the financially weakened Bourbon monarchy.Full Answer >
Major problems facing Nigeria include corruption, poor governance, political instability, unemployment, population explosion, religious and ethnic conflicts, diseases and environmental degradation. Even though Nigeria has the largest economy in Africa, there are still many problems that it faces.Full Answer >