Connecticut, one of the original 13 colonies, became a state on Jan. 9, 1788. It was the fifth of the colonies to become a state.
The state's name is from the Mohian and Algonquin Native American word "quonehtacut," which means "land on the long tidal river." The Connecticut River traverses the state from north to south and empties into the Atlantic Ocean. One of the smallest states in terms of land area, Connecticut ranks 48th in size. The state is only 110 miles at its greatest width and about 70 miles at its greatest length. The state is densely populated, though, and ranks as the 29th-most-populous state in the United States.Learn More
The founders of the colony of Connecticut are believed to be Thomas Hooker and John Haynes, along with about 100 other Puritans. Thomas Hooker was a well-known Puritan minister, and John Haynes was a governor.Full Answer >
The religion of colonial Connecticut was primarily Puritan. The Puritans were part of the Reform movement and wanted to purify the Anglican Church of corruption. They left Europe for the Americas in search of religious freedom.Full Answer >
Connecticut was one of the 13 original British colonies in North America and was the place where the first colonial constitution was adopted. The state is more recently famous for being the home of Yale University, many major insurance companies and for tourism to its coastal areas and colonial villages.Full Answer >
Colonial Connecticut was located in New England, the coldest part of the 13 Colonies. Winters were long, with about 20 inches of snow near the coast and 50-60 inches in the northern mountains. However, summers were mild and short with occasional thunderstorms and tornadoes.Full Answer >