Connecticut, one of the original 13 colonies, became a state on Jan. 9, 1788. It was the fifth of the colonies to become a state.
The state's name is from the Mohian and Algonquin Native American word "quonehtacut," which means "land on the long tidal river." The Connecticut River traverses the state from north to south and empties into the Atlantic Ocean. One of the smallest states in terms of land area, Connecticut ranks 48th in size. The state is only 110 miles at its greatest width and about 70 miles at its greatest length. The state is densely populated, though, and ranks as the 29th-most-populous state in the United States.Learn More
One prominent example of racial segregation in the United States was the Jim Crow laws, a series of policies in effect from 1876 to 1965. Jim Crow laws segregated people of color from whites in housing, jobs, schools, public transportation, public spaces, military service, prisons and more.Full Answer >
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was an American military officer who was appointed the first brigadier general in the Confederate States Army. Beauregard oversaw the bombardment of Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, in which the first shots of the American Civil War were fired. The fort's surrender catapulted Beauregard to public acclaim, and he became the first military hero of the Confederacy.Full Answer >
According to the Bill of Rights Institute, America's Great Compromise was responsible for creating a dual system of congressional representation. Each state has two senators while representation in the House of Representatives is based on state population.Full Answer >
Some famous Native American scientists are John Herrington, Mary Ross, Dr. Jani Ingram and Dr. David Burgess. The American Indian Science and Engineering Society, an organization of Native Americans in the science, technology, engineering and math fields, had 3,000 members as of December 2014.Full Answer >