Byzantium was chosen as the capital of the Roman Empire for its strategic benefits, central position and excellent harbor. Byzantium also symbolized a break from Constantine's predecessors.Know More
Constantine located the capital of the unified Roman Empire on the site of old Byzantium. There were several reasons for his choice, both practical and symbolic. Firstly, Byzantium was closer to the center of the empire making control easier. Rome had become a periphery and Diocletian's choice of Nicomedia in the east was difficult to defend.
The defensive capabilities of Byzantium also made it a sound choice with a peninsula open to land on the west and bordered on the south, north and east by water. The addition of the chain across the bay further limited attempts of invasion. Byzantium also had easy access to the Euphrates frontier and Danube River supplying cisterns and aqua ducts with water. The chain and control of the harbor also provided control over trade through the Black Sea.
Symbolically, it provided Constantine with a break from his predecessors as Nicomedia was the choice of Diocletian and Rome the seat of all the rulers before him. Byzantium also represented his victories as it sat opposite the shore where he defeated Licinius to become the emperor of the entire Roman Empire.Learn more in Ancient Rome
Constantine changed Rome by establishing a new capital, which lead to the fall of Rome, and changing the way people reacted to and perceived Christianity. Constantine also contributed to new ideas regarding Jesus and early canon law.Full Answer >
Julius Caesar's great-nephew was Augustus, the first emperor of the Roman Empire. He was born Gaius Octavius in 63 BC, the son of Caesar's niece Atai. Caesar had no sons of his own so he named Octavius as his heir.Full Answer >
The Edict of Milan is considered an influential factor in the fall of the Roman Empire. Many have argued that the rise of the Christian faith, which was a direct result of the Edict of Milan, contributed to the decline of Rome. The Roman emperors Constantine I and Licinius formed the edict in Milan in February 313.Full Answer >
Augustus, born Gaius Octavius in 63 B.C., was known for bringing peace and stability to the Roman Empire. Although he was heir to his great-uncle's throne, Augustus only became the ruler after thwarting the attempts of Antony and Cleopatra to seize power in the wake of Julius Caesar's death. Augustus ascended the throne in 31 B.C. and reigned as the first Roman emperor.Full Answer >