Explorer Hernan Cortes went to Mexico on a quest for wealth and to spread Roman Catholicism by converting the natives into Christians. Although his commission to lead an expedition was rescinded by the governor of Cuba, Diego Velasquez, Cortes disregarded the order and sailed for Mexico in 1519.
After arriving in Veracruz and forging local alliances, Cortes traveled over dangerous territory for the walled city of Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital of Mexico. The conquistador, along with his men, were well-received by the Aztec leader, Moctezuma, famously known as Montezuma. The ruler was apprehensive on how to treat his guests, but, bound by custom and superstition, he showered them with expensive gifts. The Spaniards repaid the king's hospitality and kindness by taking him captive and demanding ransom from his subjects.Learn More
The purpose of the Warsaw Pact was to provide a counterbalance to NATO and increase the international negotiating power of the Soviet Union. The proximate cause of the Warsaw Pact was the May 9, 1955 decision of the governments of the United States and Western Europe to include West Germany in NATO. The Warsaw Pact lasted from May 14, 1955 to July 1, 1991.Full Answer >
The Watergate scandal of 1972 is said to have made a number of Americans lose their faith in the government and in the leadership of their country, due to the realization they had been lied to through media. Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, two Washington Post journalists, revealed that former U.S. President Richard Nixon's re-election committee had laundered money for the scandal and that the executive administration was corrupt.Full Answer >
Many people aren't aware that there were two Red Scare periods: one immediately after World War I, and one during the Cold War, after World War II. The first Red Scare lasted from 1919 until 1920 and the second from 1947 until 1957.Full Answer >
According to the History Channel, President Andrew Johnson attempted to fire Secretary of War Edwin Stanton on multiple occasions because Stanton opposed Johnson's more lenient attitude toward the South during Reconstruction. Johnson wanted to readmit states from the Confederacy without any guarantees of civil rights for the freed slaves, and Stanton strongly opposed this policy and favored much harsher treatment of the former rebellious states.Full Answer >