Darius I improved the Persian government by dividing the Persian Empire into provinces and implementing numerous construction projects. Theses projects included the construction of a new capital at Persepolis and roads throughout the empire.Know More
Known as Darius the Great, Darius I was born in 550 B.C. and ruled from 522 B.C. until his death in 486 B.C. Before Darius, the Persian Empire was loosely organized. He established 20 provinces, or satrapies, each ruled by a satrap. He imposed security measures that reduced the likelihood of revolt by the satraps.
Construction of Persepolis, which replaced the previous capital at Pasargadae, began around 515 B.C. The new buildings in Persepolis included palaces, audience and debating halls, and the main imperial treasury. The roads built by Darius included the Royal Road, which ran from the Aegean Sea to Persia, a distance of 1500 miles. This road allowed Persian officials to reach conquered cities throughout the empire, and messenger stations along the road facilitated the post and other communications.
Under Darius, the network of irrigation projects in the empire expanded. He also introduced a universal currency, the daric. In Egypt, which Persia ruled, Darius built a canal from the Nile to the Red Sea. The codification of Egyptian law was completed during his reign.Learn more in Mesopotamia
The Sumerian religion encompassed the beliefs, mythology and rites of the ancient civilization of Sumer in southern Mesopotamia. Practitioners of the religion worshipped a pantheon of gods and devised a creation story that they wrote on cuneiform tablets. The Sumerians might have been the first people to record their beliefs, which influenced later religions and cultures.Full Answer >
The primary jobs in the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia were based on the agrarian nature of the society. Most Mesopotamian citizens raised and tended crops or livestock. There were also other jobs available, such as weavers, artisans, healers, teachers, and priests or priestesses.Full Answer >
Hammurabi was an ancient king of Babylon who promulgated one of the first written code of laws in history. The sixth king in the Amorite Dynasty, Hammurabi reigned from around 1792 B.C. until his death in 1750 B.C.Full Answer >
Based on the scarce evidence that exist pertaining to ancient Babylonian culture, men and women wore skirts and shawls that resembled the style of ancient Sumerians. These trends continued after the the Babylonian empire fell and the Assyrian civilization developed, carrying over the shawls and fringed skirts.Full Answer >