Darius I improved the Persian government by dividing the Persian Empire into provinces and implementing numerous construction projects. Theses projects included the construction of a new capital at Persepolis and roads throughout the empire.Know More
Known as Darius the Great, Darius I was born in 550 B.C. and ruled from 522 B.C. until his death in 486 B.C. Before Darius, the Persian Empire was loosely organized. He established 20 provinces, or satrapies, each ruled by a satrap. He imposed security measures that reduced the likelihood of revolt by the satraps.
Construction of Persepolis, which replaced the previous capital at Pasargadae, began around 515 B.C. The new buildings in Persepolis included palaces, audience and debating halls, and the main imperial treasury. The roads built by Darius included the Royal Road, which ran from the Aegean Sea to Persia, a distance of 1500 miles. This road allowed Persian officials to reach conquered cities throughout the empire, and messenger stations along the road facilitated the post and other communications.
Under Darius, the network of irrigation projects in the empire expanded. He also introduced a universal currency, the daric. In Egypt, which Persia ruled, Darius built a canal from the Nile to the Red Sea. The codification of Egyptian law was completed during his reign.Learn more about Mesopotamia
King Nebuchadnezzar II took the throne in 604 B.C., and he is credited with destroying the Jewish temple built by King Solomon. Legend states that he built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, but scholars debate whether he directed the construction.Full Answer >
Bronze Age Mesopotamia was located in the southwest part of Asia in what is now Iraq, Kuwait, Iran and Syria. Mesopotamia means “between two rivers,” referring to its location between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers.Full Answer >
The most common offensive weapon used by the Mesopotamians was the bow and arrow. Other frequently used weapons included spears, javelins, maces with stone heads, battle-axes with metal blades, daggers and swords with sickle-shaped blades used for slashing. Sling shots were also used.Full Answer >
The Babylonians lived in the city of Babylonia, based in central-southern Mesopotamia. This city was located on the River Euphrates in what is now known as southern Iraq. The city first came into prominence as the royal city of king Hammurabi around the year 1790 BC.Full Answer >