Darius I improved the Persian government by dividing the Persian Empire into provinces and implementing numerous construction projects. Theses projects included the construction of a new capital at Persepolis and roads throughout the empire.Know More
Known as Darius the Great, Darius I was born in 550 B.C. and ruled from 522 B.C. until his death in 486 B.C. Before Darius, the Persian Empire was loosely organized. He established 20 provinces, or satrapies, each ruled by a satrap. He imposed security measures that reduced the likelihood of revolt by the satraps.
Construction of Persepolis, which replaced the previous capital at Pasargadae, began around 515 B.C. The new buildings in Persepolis included palaces, audience and debating halls, and the main imperial treasury. The roads built by Darius included the Royal Road, which ran from the Aegean Sea to Persia, a distance of 1500 miles. This road allowed Persian officials to reach conquered cities throughout the empire, and messenger stations along the road facilitated the post and other communications.
Under Darius, the network of irrigation projects in the empire expanded. He also introduced a universal currency, the daric. In Egypt, which Persia ruled, Darius built a canal from the Nile to the Red Sea. The codification of Egyptian law was completed during his reign.Learn more about Mesopotamia
Some of the accomplishments made by the Sumerian civilization include creating the sexagesimal system, developing a set of laws and creating the cuneiform system of writing. Sumerians have also been credited with developing the potter's wheel, although there is evidence an earlier version may have been invented in Egypt.Full Answer >
Mesopotamia is called the cradle of civilization because the development of agriculture, including the domestication of animals, began there 8,000 years ago, before any other civilization. The advances in the region led to the development of cities, the wheel and written language by 3,000 B.C.Full Answer >
The city-states of ancient Mesopotamia were independent cities constructed around temples and entirely self-contained within mighty perimeter walls. City-states were unified with each other only by their shared use of the Sumerian language. They spent most of their time engaged in conflict over resources.Full Answer >
The Sumerian religion encompassed the beliefs, mythology and rites of the ancient civilization of Sumer in southern Mesopotamia. Practitioners of the religion worshipped a pantheon of gods and devised a creation story that they wrote on cuneiform tablets. The Sumerians might have been the first people to record their beliefs, which influenced later religions and cultures.Full Answer >