The Dark Ages in Western Europe began when the Western Roman Empire fell and lasted all the way until the beginning of the Renaissance. The last emperor in Rome left his throne in A.D. 476, although the empire had been on a downward slope for a long time beforehand. Setting a precise date for the start of the Renaissance is challenging, although it was well underway by 1300.Know More
The term "Dark Ages" was not applied to this point in history until the 1800s, when historians such as Edward Gibbon looked back fondly at the level of civilization at work in the Roman Empire and deplored the brutality and dearth of intellectual enterprise at work in the centuries after the collapse. Because of a lack of civilization to provide light, Europe instead fell into a morass of dominance by the Church and the system of feudalism.
However, several historical discoveries are making the term "Dark Ages" less and less relevant. Such discoveries as the intellectual treasures that were stored in monasteries and innovations in technology and art that were taking place as early as the 900s meant that this time period may not have been as hopeless as many historians have thought.Learn more about Middle Ages
According to most historians, the Middle Ages began with the fall of the Roman Empire in 476 A.D. and ended with the beginning of the Renaissance in the 13th, 14th or 15th century A.D.Full Answer >
The Middle Ages began with the fall of Rome in 476 A.D. and ended with the beginning of the Renaissance during the 14th century. This period was filled with enormous social and political change.Full Answer >
Charlemagne, a Frankish king who ruled between 768 and 814 A.D., united most of western Europe under his throne, and created a mini-renaissance that ended Europe's Dark Ages. For this reason, Charlemagne is sometimes referred to as the "Father of Europe."Full Answer >
Charlemagne's lasting legacies were reviving education during the Dark Ages and making Western Europe safe from attacks by barbarians from the north and Asians from the east. He united anarchic Western Europe under the Holy Roman Empire, which he founded.Full Answer >