Diocletian was able to bring Rome together to find peace and financial success, but he ended up destroying the unity of Rome by dividing power into what was known as the tetrarchy. Diocletian and Maximian shared the title of Augustus with two generals, Constantius and Galerius, who were appointed to succeed them and rule the empire. While they were able to maintain peace for a time, the empire fell apart when Diocletian retired.Know More
Once Diocletian and Maximian retired, the struggle for power over the entire empire began. The winner was eventually Constantine, who became the sole emperor of Rome in 324 A.D. While emperor, Constantine changed many things about Rome. He first moved the capital city to Byzantium and then renamed it after himself, calling it Constantinople. He also made Christianity the official religion of Rome.
Thirty years after the death of Constantine, Rome was once again divided into east and west empires with continual warring between the two as well as with the Persian empire. This division and constant strife led to the final collapse of the Roman empire in 476 A.D.
Rome lasted almost 500 years as the most powerful empire in the world. Although Diocletian is often listed in the reasons for Rome's demise, historians also point to other factors, such as debilitating taxation, climate change, military losses and natural disasters.Learn more about Ancient Rome
One of the differences between the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire that followed it was the former republic's inability to manage the huge amount of territory that it had acquired. The Roman Empire, however, was able to control Rome's holdings, and remained more effective at stifling civil unrest. By removing the system of checks and balances that was in place during the republic, the Roman Empire's incumbent emperor was able to respond quickly and with greater force to any perceived or unfolding threat.Full Answer >
The Roman Empire began with the crowning of Gaius Octavian Thurinus in 31 B.C. and fell to the German Goths in A.D. 476, for a total of 507 years. The Byzantine Empire, Rome's eastern half, did not fall until the Ottoman Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453.Full Answer >
The social structure of the Roman Empire was complex, stringent and hierarchical. The nature of the social classes was based on economic and political factors. Despite the demanding requisites for entry into the upper classes, there was a relative degree of mobility in Roman society.Full Answer >
The Huns came in and started forcing barbarian tribes west which resulted in some tribes going into the Roman Empire and when the Romans did not provide food for the tribes that immigrated there, they turned to rampaging. Some barbarians had to go elsewhere after having to leave their homes.Full Answer >