The Etruscans were a loose conglomeration of city-states that took control of the area that later became Rome, introducing a number of improvements and reforms that transformed the town into a true city. The Etruscans also introduced Greek culture to the Romans.Know More
Although the myth of Romulus and Remus remains popular, the true origins of Rome lie with the Etruscans, who lay to the north of the Tiber River. The Etruscans sought to envelop Rome and turn it into an autonomous city-state that answered to an imperial government. They introduced rectangular urban planning to the Romans, drained the marshes, installed underground sewers and built public works, baths, aqueducts, roads and bridges. Their influence can also be seen in later depictions of Christian demons, who bear a strong resemblance to Etruscan demons.
The Etruscans controlled Rome until roughly 500 BC. By then their efforts had turned Rome into a powerful city-state that dominated its neighbors. The Greeks, who were the Etruscans' primary rivals for trade and sea power, began to attack ; seizing the opportunity, the Romans took up arms to shake off Etruscan rule. However, the Etruscans remained an aggressive and powerful enough force that Rome did not begin on its own path to conquest until nearly a century after.Learn more about Ancient Rome
Rich ancient Romans ate a very diverse diet of bread, meats, poultry, cheese, milk, eggs, fruits, seafood and wine. The wealthiest Romans ate three meals a day, and the more exotic the ingredients, the better.Full Answer >
Rome is called the Eternal City because ancient Romans believed that no matter what happened to the world or how many empires came and collapsed, Rome would go on forever. The enduring quality of the city continues even to this day, as Rome remains one of the most vibrant cities and a leading tourist destination in Europe.Full Answer >
For breakfast, common Romans ate small, flat loaves of bread that were salted. For those who were wealthier, a typical breakfast also included milk or wine, fruit, cheese, eggs and honey.Full Answer >
The main reason for the construction of the Colosseum was to symbolize the power of Rome and its emperors. The classical architecture used in the construction was meant to portray that Rome was a civilized nation.Full Answer >