In 1453, when the Ottoman Turks took control of Constantinople and the surrounding areas, trade between Europe and Asia came to a complete halt, prompting the European nations to seek another route to their Asian trading partners; thus, they began looking for a sea route. The trip had always been fraught with danger, but Europeans no longer had access to products they had come to enjoy.Know More
The only viable land route from Europe to Asia went through the Middle East and Turkey. Going further north through what would become Russia was even more dangerous than braving the robbers who would attack caravans in the Middle East.
Pepper and silk were two particularly popular products from Asia. Silk had been in high demand in Europe since the journeys of the explorer Marco Polo, and a network of traders from China, India, the Middle East and Italy would transport silk all the way to the European markets. The land route that traders had to take was known as the "Silk Road."
While England, Spain and Portugal were some of the most enthusiastic sponsors of early exploration, some of the most famed explorers like Christopher Columbus came from Italian cities like Genoa, which had long sent ships off to make trading expeditions.Learn more about Exploration & Imperialism
The reasons behind the so-called European "Age of Exploration" included scouting for trade routes, investigating foreign lands and acquiring wealth. Many explorers were also looking for adventure, spurred on by tales of the earlier Viking expeditions to the New World.Full Answer >
European exploration from the 15th to the 20th centuries has had a profound and permanent effect on world history. As the European nations enriched their societies with new goods and crops, precious metals and more, they decimated indigenous populations.Full Answer >
Portugal colonized Brazil in 1500. The Brazilian Indians were not as advanced as the civilizations of Peru and Mexico, such as the Aztecs and Mayans.Full Answer >
The negative effects of European imperialism in Africa include loss of independence, slavery, disunity among Africans, exploitation of resources and deterioration of African culture. The positive impacts include introduction of trade, education, new religion and new administration system.Full Answer >