Francis Bacon served as attorney general and Lord Chancellor of England during the Renaissance, but he is best known for his contributions to philosophy. Bacon argued for an empirical approach to scientific inquiry, which became known as the scientific method.Know More
Francis Bacon was born in London on Jan. 22, 1561. The youngest of three sons born to Sir Nicolas Bacon and Lady Anne Cooke Bacon, Francis attended Trinity College when he was 11 years old and completed his course of study in 1575. He struggled financially for a number of years, and during this time, his father passed away. Eventually, he became a member for Cornwall in the House of Commons, which began his political career. He held a place in Parliament for nearly four decades until being ousted on bribery charges in 1621.
After the collapse of his political career, Bacon was free to focus on his other passion, the philosophy of science. Unlike the doctrines of the ancient Greek philosophers, Bacon's inquiries depended on tangible proof. He believed that a new method rooted in the organized gathering and analysis of hard data could elevate science to a new level for the betterment of humanity. Bacon was also a writer, and in 1620, he published "Novum Organum Scientiarum," which is Latin for "new method," and established himself as a reputable philosopher of science.Learn more about Renaissance & Reformation
The Renaissance was a period during which transformation, adoption and elaboration were viewed as desirable alternatives to the strict adherence to the traditional systems of the medieval period which preceded it. New concepts, such as banking and the coining of money that began near the end of the medieval feudal system, started to take hold and flourish in the new urban climate of the Renaissance city-states. The decline of the feudal system and its accompanying land-ownership economy led the way to a greater interest in money as an improved medium of exchange during the Renaissance.Full Answer >
The term "Renaissance" describes a period of art in which Europeans revived and rediscovered classical styles from ancient Greece and ancient Rome. The "proto-Renaissance" period began in 1280 in Italy when artisans sought to make great achievements, such as those from Roman times 700 years earlier. The Renaissance period lasted until the late 1500s when the "Mannerist" style of art became favored more than the naturalism of the High Renaissance.Full Answer >
The Renaissance has had a large impact on society in a multitude of ways. It has been instrumental in shaping our cultural outlook and various ways of artistic expression such as writing, painting and music. The Renaissance began to turn society toward a more humanist view of the world and encouraged scientific research and inventions that contemporary society in 2014 still relies on.Full Answer >
Italy was the birthplace of the Renaissance due to its proximity to the lost culture of ancient Rome and because of political, social and economic developments that sparked the spread of humanism. The Italian Renaissance began in Florence around 1350 to 1400 A.D. The majority of the great thinkers and artists of the Renaissance were Italian.Full Answer >