Francis Bacon served as attorney general and Lord Chancellor of England during the Renaissance, but he is best known for his contributions to philosophy. Bacon argued for an empirical approach to scientific inquiry, which became known as the scientific method.
Francis Bacon was born in London on Jan. 22, 1561. The youngest of three sons born to Sir Nicolas Bacon and Lady Anne Cooke Bacon, Francis attended Trinity College when he was 11 years old and completed his course of study in 1575. He struggled financially for a number of years, and during this time, his father passed away. Eventually, he became a member for Cornwall in the House of Commons, which began his political career. He held a place in Parliament for nearly four decades until being ousted on bribery charges in 1621.
After the collapse of his political career, Bacon was free to focus on his other passion, the philosophy of science. Unlike the doctrines of the ancient Greek philosophers, Bacon's inquiries depended on tangible proof. He believed that a new method rooted in the organized gathering and analysis of hard data could elevate science to a new level for the betterment of humanity. Bacon was also a writer, and in 1620, he published "Novum Organum Scientiarum," which is Latin for "new method," and established himself as a reputable philosopher of science.Learn More
The Renaissance was a European cultural movement that began in Italy in the 14th century and lasted until the 17th century. After the stagnation of the Middle Ages, the Renaissance brought about changes that affected many areas such as music, science and religion.Full Answer >
Although historians disagree about the precise beginnings of the Renaissance, most trace its origins to the competition between artists and great thinkers in north-central Italy, particularly around the city of Florence. From there, the intellectual and artistic movement spread throughout the country and later throughout Europe.Full Answer >
Raphael contributed to the Renaissance through the paintings, frescoes and architecture he created and designed throughout his career. He is considered one of the greatest artists of the period, along with Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci.Full Answer >
The term "Renaissance" describes a period of art in which Europeans revived and rediscovered classical styles from ancient Greece and ancient Rome. The "proto-Renaissance" period began in 1280 in Italy when artisans sought to make great achievements, such as those from Roman times 700 years earlier. The Renaissance period lasted until the late 1500s when the "Mannerist" style of art became favored more than the naturalism of the High Renaissance.Full Answer >