Francis Bacon, an English Philosopher, used the ideas of Aristotelian to promote the application of induction, an important technique that is used in modern science. Bacon also served as a Lord Chancellor in England.
Many people believed that the arguments by Aristotle about the inductive approach were faulty. In about 1600 A.D, several people, including Bacon, came to learn that there were no logical errors in the use of deductive method by Aristotle. The main problem was that the method did not fit well with scientific research even though it was widely used in mathematics. Since 1600, the application of induction has been used successfully in many scientific researches.Learn More
The Renaissance was a European cultural movement that began in Italy in the 14th century and lasted until the 17th century. After the stagnation of the Middle Ages, the Renaissance brought about changes that affected many areas such as music, science and religion.Full Answer >
Desiderius Erasmus was a prominent philosopher and theologian during the Protestant Reformation and was responsible for creating a new edition of the New Testament as well as many other influential writings. He was a highly controversial figure and was heavily criticized by both Catholic and Protestant authorities. Nonetheless, his works were very popular, and he remains well known.Full Answer >
Some of the major ideas that originated during the Age of Enlightenment, also known as the Age of Reason, were confidence in humanity's intellectual powers, a much lesser degree of trust in the older forms of traditional authority and the belief that rational and scientific thought will lead to an improved human existence. The Enlightenment thinkers viewed the natural world as one governed by mathematical and scientific laws that could be understood by humankind through its own self-empowered and unaided faculties. The philosophy of the Enlightenment was often at odds with the traditional authority wielded by established religion that sought to maintain its role in directing human thought and actions.Full Answer >
French intellectuals, leaders of Enlightenment, saw the religious wars as proof and condemnation of the irrational worldview based on religion rather than reason and of the negative effects of churches' involvement in civic affairs. French Enlightenment thinkers called for the rule of reason in society and elimination of the churches' authority.Full Answer >