Q:

Why did the Frank family leave Germany?

A:

Quick Answer

Anne Frank's parents, Otto and Edith Frank, decided to leave Germany in 1933 due to the economic crisis, Hitler's rise to power and the growing anti-Semitism in the country. The Franks were a liberal, middle-class Jewish family living in Frankfurt am Main before they decided to move to the Netherlands to escape the persecution of Jews in Germany.

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Why did the Frank family leave Germany?
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Full Answer

Otto set up a business in Amsterdam that produced and sold pectin, which is used to make jelly. The family rebuilt their lives in Amsterdam until 1940, when Germany took over the Netherlands. The Nazis began issuing anti-Jewish laws, and the Frank family realized that death and deportation were coming for the Jews in the Netherlands, as it had happened to the Jews in Germany. After unsuccessfully attempting to emigrate from the Netherlands, the Franks decided they had to go into hiding to escape the Nazis, and began organizing. After Anne's sister Margot received a call-up notice in 1942, the Frank family moved into a secret annex in the upper-back portion of Otto's business. They were joined by the van Pels family and a dentist named Friedrich Pfeffer. Anne's diary chronicles the two years they lived in hiding. In 1944, they were discovered, arrested, and sent to concentration camps. Everyone except Otto died before the end of World War II.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    How did Anne Frank die?

    A:

    Anne Frank and her sister Margot died of typhus in March 1945, during their imprisonment at Bergen-Belsen, a German work camp. They were interred in a mass burial along with other casualties of Bergen-Belsen.

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  • Q:

    Who betrayed Anne Frank?

    A:

    As of 2014, no one has conclusively determined who betrayed Anne Frank. Two official inquiries by Amsterdam police have been performed, and substantial research and speculation has been done by Frank family biographers and historians as well. Several suspects have been named, but no suspicions have been proven.

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  • Q:

    Why is Anne Frank important to history?

    A:

    Anne Frank is important to history because her diary provides a first-hand account of a Jewish teen whose family went into hiding during the German occupation of the Netherlands. On a tip from an unknown informant, the Germans arrested the family and transported them to a concentration camp. Anne, her mother and sister all died before Germany was defeated, but her father survived and published her diary.

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  • Q:

    Why did Anne Frank become so famous?

    A:

    Anne Frank is famous because of her published diary that chronicled her time hiding from Nazi Germany persecution during the Holocaust. Despite being young at the time of its writing, the diary provides clear insight into the challenges she and her family faced.

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